In Connecticut, this office is called the "Secretary of the State". The Secretary of State is a member of the Council of Ministers (Congresso di Stato). Otherwise the World Bank will appoint an eligible staff member as trust fund TTL. There is in theory only one office of Secretary of State,[6] and legislation generally refers only to "the Secretary of State". The title secretary of state or state secretary[note 1] is commonly used for senior or mid-level posts in governments around the world. On 19 July 1814, Pope Pius VII established the Sacred Congregation for the Extraordinary Ecclesiastical Affairs, expanding the Congregatio super negotiis ecclesiasticis Regni Galliarum established by Pius VI in 1793. ADVERTISEMENTS: The Chief Secretary is the administrative head of state administration in India. The head of the Technical Secretariat is the ... assists development by Member States of programmes to protect against chemical weapons; and, supports and fosters international cooperation in chemistry for peaceful purposes. The origins of the Secretariat of State go back to the fifteenth century. A head of state (or chief of state) is the public persona who officially embodies a state in its unity and legitimacy. In the United Kingdom, a secretary of state is a cabinet minister in charge of a government department (though not all departments are headed by a secretary of state, e.g. The Kuwaiti Minister of Foreign Affairs, Dr. Sheikh Muhammad Al-Sabah Al-Salem Al-Sabah, is in charge of international relations of Kuwait, and all Kuwaiti representatives abroad. In three states (Alaska, Hawaii and Utah), there is no secretary of state. Secretaries of State are connected to specific ministry, and serve as a de facto vice minister. In 1707, England and Scotland were merged into the Kingdom of Great Britain, and there was a third Secretary of State for Scotland until 1746. The Secretary-General of the United Nations (UNSG or SG) is the head of the executive branch of the United Nations (the Secretariat) and is the head of state and government of the UN, and the commander-in-chief of the United Nations Navy.. [3], On 28 June 1988, John Paul II promulgated the apostolic constitution Pastor bonus,[4] which introduced a reform of the Roman Curia and divided the Secretariat of State into two sections: the Section for General Affairs and the Section for Relations with States, which incorporated the Council for the Public Affairs of the Church. Summit of Heads of State In accordance with the Organization’s statutory provisions and on proposal of the Council of Ministers, a Summit of Heads of State and Government of APPO Member Countries is to be held on specific and strategic matters for the Organization. Despite being members of the Government, the Secretaries of State usually do not participate in the Council of Ministers, unless they are specially summoned for and, in this case, without right to vote. See Current list of Secretary of States for Belgian Federal Government. In Mozambique, the role of vice-minister (Portuguese: vice-ministro) exists as an intermediate government rank between those of minister and Secretary of State. The U.S. secretary of state has the power to remove any foreign diplomat from U.S. soil for any reason. From them on, the title "minister" completely replaced that of "secretary of State" (with the exception of the brief presidential system that existed during 1918, in which the ministers were re-titled "secretaries of State"). The United Kingdom was formed by the union of Great Britain and the Kingdom of Ireland in 1801. In Brazil, a Secretary of State (Portuguese: secretário de Estado or secretário estadual) – commonly referred simply as "Secretary" (Portuguese: secretário) is one of the government members of each of the Brazilian states, subordinate to the respective State Governor. Pope Francis added a third unit, the Section for Diplomatic Staff, in November 2017.[5]. In addition to this function, it is the final authority for the conclusion of Treaties on behalf of the Community and for entering … article 46 of the Government and Administration Organisation Act). In the first Juncker-Asselborn cabinet, there was one Secretary of State, Octavie Modert, who is responsible for Relations with Parliament; Agriculture, Viticulture, and Rural Development; and Culture, Higher Education, and Research. The Cabinet Secretariat is under the direct charge of the Prime Minister. Asked by Wiki User. Six secretaries of state became presidents (Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, James Monroe, John Quincy Adams, Martin Van Buren and James Buchanan) and five won Nobel Peace Prizes (Frank Kellogg, Cordell Hull, George Marshall, Elihu Root, and Henry Kissinger). This is a fantastic opportunity to work closely with senior leaders in delivering a strategic governance model, and shaping the performance culture across the CO. Related Questions. One such example is Raimo Sailas. De facto such a provisional retirement is lifelong. The Chief Secretary is the head of the entire secretariat while a Secretary is the head of one or two departments. In the Kingdom of England, before 1660, an officer entitled Secretary of State came into being near the end of the reign of Queen Elizabeth I (1558–1603), the usual title before that having been King's Clerk, King's Secretary, or Principal Secretary. On 28 June 1988, John Paul II promulgated the apostolic constitution Pastor bonus, which introduced a reform of the Roman Curia and divided the Secretariat of State into two sections: the Section for General Affairs and the Section for Relations with States, which incorporated the Council for the Public Affairs of the Church. Letters to Diplomatic Officials who are out of the country should be sent to the Department of State, through its Executive Secretariat]. They often hold more than one brief or assist more than one minister. In many countries, a secretary of state is a mid-level post. It also supports any Ministers without portfolio and helps to ensure good governance. The Head of Secretariat will be the Task Team Leader (TTL) for the PEFA trust fund, if the Head is eligible according to the World Bank's rules concerning conflict-of-interest, appointment type and accreditation for that function. In 1958, the title of "secretary of State" was reintroduced to designate the then created role of a junior minister, subordinate to a cabinet minister. The Secretary is usually a senior IAS officer, a generalist. Secretaries of state do not fall under the constitutional provision that there should be an equal number of French and Dutch-speaking ministers (with the possible exception of the Prime Minister). A similar role is played by Ministers of State, however Ministers are members of the cabinet. The role: is an important symbolic one has no maximum fixed term is not hereditary, and future Heads will be chosen by Commonwealth leaders. Unlike ministers, state secretaries are not members of the cabinet. The United Nations Secretariat (French: Secrétariat des Nations unies) is one of the six major organs of the United Nations, with the others being (a) the General Assembly; (b) the Security Council; (c) the Economic and Social Council; (d) the defunct Trusteeship Council; and (e) the International Court of Justice. In Greece, the title "Secretary of State" (Greek: Γραμματεύς της Επικρατείας) was used only intermittently during the early years of the modern Greek state. It was first employed for the head of the cabinet under the governorship of Ioannis Kapodistrias, a post held successively by Spyridon Trikoupis (1828–29) and Nikolaos Spiliadis (1829–31). The Cardinal Secretary of State is primarily responsible for the diplomatic and political activity of the Holy See, in some circumstances representing the Pope himself. 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