[18] The combination of these factors meant that the language was already known to some degree by most of the population, and it could be more easily adopted as the national language than perhaps any other. [5][6] However, most formal education and nearly all national mass media, governance, administration, and judiciary and other forms of communication are conducted in Indonesian. Modern Indonesian draws many of its words from foreign sources, there are many synonyms. It was most influenced by the then current Dutch spelling system. Most of the speakers live in western Java, but there are Sundanese speakers found on other Indonesian islands as well. No dialect or regional language is too obscure, as everyone deserves to be able to communicate with the rest of the world. Bəliau "his/her Honour" is respectful. Indonesian functions as a symbol of national identity and pride, and is a lingua franca among the diverse ethnic groups in Indonesia. Depending on how you define a language and how you count its number of speakers, today Malay-Indonesian ranks around sixth or seventh in size among the world’s languages. In intransitive clauses, the noun comes before the verb. Also, not all reduplicated words are inherently plural, such as orang-orangan "scarecrow/scarecrows", biri-biri "a/some sheep" and kupu-kupu "butterfly/butterflies". In addition to National Universities, private institutions have also started to offer courses, like the Indonesia Australia Language Foundation and the Lembaga Indonesia Amerika. This has been based more upon political nuance and the history of their standardisation than cultural reasons, and as a result, there are asymmetrical views regarding each other's variety among Malaysians and Indonesians. Distributive affixes derive mass nouns that are effectively plural: pohon "tree", pepohonan "flora, trees"; rumah "house", perumahan "housing, houses"; gunung "mountain", pegunungan "mountain range, mountains". Minahasa Surname. Similarly, verb affixes in Indonesian are attached to root words to form verbs. For example, in the sentence "anjing itu galak", the use of "itu" gives a meaning of "the/that dog is ferocious", while "anjing ini galak", gives a meaning of "this dog is ferocious". Most Popular, Beautiful, Rare, Stylish, Top & Unique Girl Names Born In Indonesia . Use of the national language is abundant in the media, government bodies, schools, universities, workplaces, among members of the upper-class or nobility and also in formal situations, despite the 2010 census showing only 19.94% of over-five-year-olds speak mainly Indonesian at home. Over the first 53 years of Indonesian independence, the country's first two presidents, Sukarno and Suharto constantly nurtured the sense of national unity embodied by Indonesian, and the language remains an essential component of Indonesian identity. Its ancestor, Proto-Malayo-Polynesian, a descendant of the Proto-Austronesian language, began to break up by at least 2000 BCE, possibly as a result of the southward expansion of Austronesian peoples into Maritime Southeast Asia from the island of Taiwan. [20], The study of Indonesian etymology and loan words reveals both its historical and social contexts. [7], Indonesian is the official language of Indonesia, and its usage is encouraged throughout the Indonesian archipelago. Note: This list only lists foreign languages, and thus omitting numerous local languages of Indonesia that have also been major lexical donors, such as Javanese, Sundanese, Betawi, etc. Some Protestant denominations refer to their congregation jemaat (from Arabic: جماعة‎ jamāʻa = group, a community). Alpha Omega Translations is a translation, interpretation, and desktop publishing company founded on a strong passion to help people connect globally, regardless of what language they speak or country they live in. Reduplication is often mentioned as the formal way to express the plural form of nouns in Indonesian; however, in informal daily discourse, speakers of Indonesian usually use other methods to indicate the concept of something being "more than one". Spelling changes in the language that have occurred since Indonesian independence include: Introduced in 1901, the van Ophuijsen system, (named from the advisor of the system, Charles Adriaan van Ophuijsen) was the first standardisation of romanised spelling. Either the agent or object or both may be omitted. It is notable that some of the loanwords that exist in both Indonesian and Malaysian languages are different in spelling and pronunciation mainly due to how they derived their origins: Malaysian utilises words that reflect the English usage (as used by its former colonial power, the British), while Indonesian uses a Latinate form reflected in the Dutch usage (e.g. Means "Betawi" in Arabic, referring to an ethnic group native to the city of Jakarta in Indonesia. Complete Indonesian Baby Girl Names Collection . Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary. It might be attributed to its ancestor, the Old Malay language (which can be traced back to the 7th century). In materials for learners, the mid-front vowel /e/ is sometimes represented with a diacritic as é to distinguish it from the mid-central vowel /ə/. The Indonesian alphabet is exactly the same as in ISO basic Latin alphabet. What Is Indonesian? Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. Indonesian was also influenced by the Melayu pasar (literally "market Malay"), which was the lingua franca of the archipelago in colonial times, and thus indirectly by other spoken languages of the islands. [20] Today, Indonesian continues to function as the language of national identity as the Congress of Indonesian Youth envisioned, and also serves as the language of education, literacy, modernisation, and social mobility. 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