The term Biodiversity was first coined by Walter G. Rosen in 1986. Environmental stewardship can contribute to secure livelihoods and improve the resilience of communities. The UN Convention on Biological Diversity (often referred to as the CBD or Biodiversity Convention) is a legally-binding framework for conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity. It includes diversity within species (genetic diversity), between species (species diversity), and between ecosystems (ecosystem diversity).. Free Ecology / Environmental Science PPT (Power Point Presentation): Classification, Measurement & Importance of Biodiversity PPT Green plants and trees use photosynthesis to make food from sunlight, carbon dioxide, and water in the atmosphere: It is their primary source of energy. You can change your ad preferences anytime. The whole word BIO DIVERSITY generally therefore means: VARIETY OF LIFE. By securing the life sustaining goods and services which biodiversity provides to us Benefit Human Health. The fifth edition of the UN’s Global Biodiversity Outlook report, published by the Convention of Biological Diversity (CBD), provides an authoritative overview of the state of nature worldwide.. Very simply, the term Biodiversity refers to the variety of life: the diversity of all living organisms from the various ecosystems of the planet. The importance of biodiversity to human health . We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. Key Takeaways Key Points. Concept of Biodiversity and its types 3. All these three values represent the same biodiversity. The loss of biodiversity will include many species we know today. The Australian Government has responsibilities for biodiversity conservation through the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (EPBCAct) - the Australian Government's key piece of environmental legislation. Ecologists also play a prominent role in researching the conservation, restoration, and use of biodiversity and related ecosystem processes. This argument focuses on theconservation of all species, even if they are ecologicallyequivalent species.Biodiversity performs a number of ecological services forhumankind that have economic, aesthetic or recreational value.This argument focuses on conserving ecologically nonequivalentspecies since ecologically equivalent ones are redundant interms of services rendered(G. Bell, pers comm).Both points of view (intrinsic and anthropocentric) need not becontradictory, as they serve the same ultimate purpose. Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. The management of natural resources can determine the baseline health status of a community. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. The Importance of Biodiversity*Aesthetic and Scientific Value: The value of beautyand scientific discovery cannot be measured, but areextremely important to life on Earth. Source: GreenFacts Others believethat scientists should comment on the moral, philosophical andpolitical aspects of biodiversity.The first approach risks losing many species of plants andanimals to exploitation or development, whereas the secondleads people to question the impartiality of scientificconclusions. It is, therefore, important to ascertain which index has actually been used in any comparative studies of biodiversity. See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. Biodiversity also provides social benefits. It “includes diversity within species, between species and of ecosystems” in which they live (Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity (2005): Handbook of the Convention on Biological Diversity, 3rd Edition). Yet theyoften are considered incompatible because they stem from twovery different philosophies: one which views nature as innatelyvaluable and one that regards it as economically valuable.Both the intrinsic value and the anthropocentric values arepresented in this page. Maintaining biodiversity ultimately helps maintain of human health; many medicines are derived from plants and, recently, animal toxins. 821 No notes for slide. It refers to the number of different species belonging to a particular region. Genetic Biodiversity Species Biodiversity Ecosystem Biodiversity Ecosystem Function Marine Biodiversity Caribbean Diversity Extinctions Threats to Biodiversity Protection & MPA’s. The Importance of Biodiversity to Human Life. Biodiversity ConservationProtected areas are an essential part ofconservation programs. The debate regarding the value of. Genetic diversity is very important for the preservation of biodiversity and can be saved in several ways. Biodiversity and Conservation for Higher Secondary School Biology - Biodiversity and Conservation is a very important chapter in Biology for 12th standard students of CBSE Board in India. Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. But bear in mind that biodiversity is more than just species. In addition, the richer the diversity of life, the greater the opportunity for medical discoveries, economic development, and adaptive responses to such new challenges as climate change. PBR contributes to Knowledge Flow Significant for Biodiversity Conservation . Importance of Biodiversity Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. The report notes the importance of biodiversity in addressing climate change, and long-term food security, and concludes that action to protect biodiversity is essential to prevent future pandemics. These are things that ecosystems provide. You can change your ad preferences anytime. Importance Intrinsic Value Extinctions What is Biodiversity? Threats To Biodiversity: Biodiversity, which literally means “the diversity of life“, refers to the variety of life forms on Earth.This diversity includes all the variations that exist in all levels of biological organization.. Video/podcast #3: Which new normal? If you continue browsing the site, you agree to … Conservative estimates of the existing biodiversity is ten million species, but if estimates for insects are correct then it could be around 30 million species, we have till now enlisted about 1.4 million species. Biodiversity and balance of Nature 5. Importance of biodiversityMany biologists who study biodiversity confine themselves to theobjective assessment of ecological processes. More about the EPBCAct If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Through biodiversity, living organisms are able to acquire food and other important resources to sustain their lives. The loss of biodiversity could adversely affect our environment as the balance is lost and the natural food web is disturbed. ECOLOGICAL AND ECONOMICAL IMPORTANCE OF BIODIVERSITY  Biodiversity is considered a cornerstone to the health of the environment. The disadvantage of Simpson’s index is that it is heavily weighed toward the most abundant species, as are in all dominance indices. IMPORTANCE OF BIODIVERSITY At least 40 per cent of the world's economy and 80 per cent of the needs of the poor are derived from biological resources. There are many reasons why forests are an important feature for the environment and in our daily lives.They are fundamental life forms and provide for the continuity of the world’s biodiversity which is necessary for economic development, diversity of life forms, human livelihood, and environmental adaptive responses. Which do you think is preferable?Arguments for protecting biodiversity fall into twocategories:Biodiversity has an intrinsic value that is worth protectingregardless of its value to humans. Local communities with inputs from Interested members of Biodiversity Management Committees (BMCs) Students and teachers from Colleges / High Schools Volunteers from Non – Governmental Organization (NGOs) Knowledgeable individuals … Threats to Biodiversity 7. Importance of Biodiversity. Conservation of Biodiversity 8. *Direct Economic Value: Maintaining biodiversityhas a direct economic value to humans. Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. 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