The two main indigenous goat breeds, i.e. Most of them are kept in the drier agro - ecological zones in Natural Ecological Regions IV and V and in Tse -tse infested areas .Natural By Kilimo News. Under good management it produces 3-5 litres of milk per day depending on management. Good milking is done by the squeeze method. They are very gentle and quiet in temperament. It is also known as the Boran or Somali goat. A cross breed of Nubian (sudan) and English goats. They are docile animals easy to handle but do not like cold wet climate, thriving best in low altitude preferably in acacia bush country. The first drop of milk from each teat should be thrown away as it has a very high bacterial count. These goats occur throughout East Africa from desert to urban and known in tribal or local names. Incorporate a place where they can sleep and a place where they can roam around. Goats in Kenya. Some people cannot drink cows milk. When it comes to the statistics involved in this, it is to be noted that Kenya has an annual processing capacity of 5 billion litres of milk. When kids start eating fodder they will suffer high worm infection so they need to be dewormed after exposure, When given concentrates kids are likely to suffer Enterotoxiemia so you will need to vaccinate against these diseases, Don’t stop feeding milk suddenly but this should be gradual to avoid indigestion or bloat, Do not let hooves grow longer than shown below, cut and trim carefully, The milking shed should be cleaned after each milking and disinfected, Before starting milking, the milker should wash his hands, arms with soap and hot water, or disinfectant. Types of breeds for profitable dairy goat farming in Kenya, 8 mistakes to avoid in tomato farming in Kenya, All you need to know about making money from duck farming in Kenya, Why you’re not making money from chicken farming and what to do, George Otieno: How I make Sh. Next, build or provide a covered shelter in the area, like a small pole barn, for the goats to use during winter and rain storms. Mostly results from stress, which could be due to management, climate or feeding of the goats. They may be horned or naturally polled. - Feed them properly with different grasses and shrub browses, - Keep them in a properly built goat house, - Cross breed them with improved goat breeds like Toggenburg, - Keep records to help you in knowing and managing your goats, - Farms are becoming smaller as each new generation inherits land, - Goats can be kept on small pieces of land, - Breeding helps the farmer to have more animals, - With good breeding you get more and better animals, Good breeding means a farmer has to know his animals and taking good care of them. Successful dairy goat farming in Kenya Keeping dairy goats in Kenya is a profitable venture if all the requirements are taken into consideration. The dairy goat gives as much milk as it is given the right food!! The back is fairly long and slightly dipped. The goat is bred for milk with average milk yield ranging from 2.5-4lts subject to levels of management. Meat Goat breeds in Kenya. Both sexes have horns that sweep directly backwards and are often curved upwards at the tip. Leave one in the disinfectant whilst the other is in use. So they will begin to pick up diseases such as Coccidiosis. - Inbreeding should be avoided in animal production, - Inbreeding results in weak offspring, decreased productivity e.g milk and even death, - Bucks should therefore be rotated or moved from their stations after one and half years. Dusty feeds and concentrates should be wetted a little. This condition is referred to as “the goat is on heat”, - The goats becomes restless and mount each other, - A doe should be mated 12 to 24 hrs after you have seen her on heat, - Heat signs in the afternoon, the goat should be mated the next morning, - Heat signs in the morning should be mated in the evening. - The local goats can survive and thrive in the hot climate, low quality forages and fodder and to some extent resistant to common diseases. It’s all white or creamy coloured with pink skin pigmentation. Supervise birth to make sure births and animals do not get cold or too high temperatures. Tincture of iodine, If possible same person should milk always, Sick goat stands apart from the others in a group. After completing high school, Joe went on to train as a teacher and earn his BEd. They have been declared the best dairy goats in production and being well kept and he agrees to a … These include but not limited to the following: Location: The most important consideration you must first make is location. They have a varied coat colour with shades of grey, brown, black, redbuff and combinations. Prices do not include shipping and you are encouraged to pick up your kid at the farm, unfortunately we do not deliver outside of our local area. Goats are a great animal to add to your farm. Other important dairy goat precautions during milking; - Farmers keep local goats. Tasty Meat! A good goat house will make keeping goats easier. Take hold and squeeze the base of the teat with the thumb and forefinger to trap the milk in the teat. Minimise fouling of feed and water with faeces, hair, fleece etc. This means it Is a very high quality food and very good for young and old. Broken grains - these are very nutritious especially after a heavy harvest but should be fed carefully to avoid grain overload, This is removal of very young horns that have not grown, Should be performed by a vet using a hot iron, Male goats that will not be bred should be castrated early in life (in the first 2 months) and kept for meat, Can be done by use of rubber rings, burdizzo castrator, or open methods, Using an applicator insert the Rubber to the testis as shown, make sure it is as high as possible, Make sure the testis are in the scrotum, below the ring and release carefully, This can be done on farm after a little practice, Extension staff can demonstrate this to farmers interested, Let kids try hay and grains early in life to strengthen their stomachs. - This makes them produce very little milk. Originally, it specialized in Ankole cattle alone but in 2006 we introduced Boran cattle to be crossed with ankole. The popular breeds for goat meat production include the Boer Breed, Spanish breed, Black Bengal, Kalahari, Rangeland among others. But as it is very important to have a house. The floor racks made of rafters should be put where the goats feed and sleep, this stops foot rot when it is wet , keeps the house clean and dry, In the feeding area, built 1 metre (3 feet) above the platform, Make with rafters, must be easy to clean troughs, Be placed 1 foot above the floor in the feeding area, Hang a 5 litre can on the door to the sleeping room, The door should have a small window so that goats can have access to water - day and night. They have a pronounced mane in both male and female. This has been observed on polled goats. Reduced to 100gm/day during the 3rd month, Newborn kids should suck colostrum within 24 hours and then should be with the doe and allowed as much as they need, At one week, kids should be provided with small quantities of good clean feed e. g. Sweet potato vines, tree legumes leaves or natural tree leaves. As a rule Saanen does not carry tassels. The female ranges in height from 70-76.cm and the male 80-90cm when mature. Generally goat farming means ‘rearing goats for the purpose of harvesting milk, meat and fiber’. The female is about 60cm wide at the shoulders and weighs 45-55kgs. Cutting the tops - this should start after the grains have hardened. Dairy Goat Farming in Kenya Why goat farming in Kenya ? Do not need big areas to graze like cattle, Farmers can pay school fees using income from sale of milk/manure, Uses small doses of drugs - cheap. While maize is grown for farmer’s food, there is a lot of fodder which can be used for feeding the goat which will not stop the farmer getting a good maize yield, Once the kid is born there are a number of things to be done, Farmers need to be able to identify their animals so they can keep records and easily know the age, breeding and usefulness of each animal. 150,000 from rabbit skin bags and shoes, Kienyeji, Kuroiler or Kenbro? When you start you may not have a lot of money to make a house. FarmKenya is an initiative by The Standard Group PLC committed to impacting farming communities in Kenya through its 360 degrees media strength. Milk is watery and contains clots of blood, Apply antibiotics via the teat as instructed by the vet, Could result from failure to milk completely, injuries as a result of pulling teats during milking therefore milking completely and use of squeeze method instead of pulling, Good clean hands, equipment and teats at all times. Home » AGRIBUSINESS » Types of breeds for profitable dairy goat farming in Kenya. The female is about 60cm wide at the shoulders and weighs 45-55kgs. See table below on profits, based on average prices in Kenya for 2006. Sometimes the kids are born with both male and female organs (hermaphrodite). “A better milk producer than the local goats but which are easier to raise than the pure dairy types. Horns in male are long and curving back. 1. There are two breeds of Toggenburg one originating from Switzerland and the other one from Britain. They have a long body and seem bony. It... Semi-intensive system: In semi-intensive goat farming is preferred in regions … Dairy Goat Farming in Kenya. They are bred for milk with average milk yield of 1-3lts per day depending on management. They are a useful animal to use as a base in an upgrading programme. Do not feed too much leguminous feed such as desmodium, Mix feeds with grass,hay, straw or napier to balance, Only 1/3 of the days feed can be leucenea, do not feed too much, Feed goats well when ill. Good feeding will give strength, Small, weak, young and sick goats should be fed separately, Follow the best way to feed goats carefully and handle gently, Should be fed on whatever feed there is - enough to keep well and keep the animals weight, Feeding should be enough to keep its weight steady but not too fat, A fat buck will not be active and its weight, Give more feed two months before the buck has to serve the does this will improve the bucks sperm and make it more active, When a buck is being used a lot to serve does, it should be separated from other goats for about 2-3 hours per day. The horns vary from 2.5 cm to 20cm. Call us to make an appointment to meet your new goat friend. Goats usually become sick 7-10 days after they get infected. Poverty reduction for small scale farmers through sustainable dairy goat farming. Here are some good feeds that can be used. Goat Farming Cost and Profit: Introduction to Goat Farming Cost and Profit:- Well, in any farming, cost and profit depends on many factors and if somebody gets profits in one kind of business, it does not mean that you can get as well.Goat farming is one of the fastest growing business in India as demand for goat meat (mutton) is increasing. A halved long ways plastic container nailed to a board, at least 1 foot wide can be useful, Or just as good - hang the salt so the goat has to reach for it, Does not need a large amount of land and no grazing pastures. Goats are often eaten during land cases, parties, clan meetings etc. Commercial goat farming business is contributing greatly to the economy and nutrition of a country. Their colour ranges from pure white to pure black with various intermixes of roan and speckled brown. - Animals of different ages need different attention, - Does, bucks and kids should all be given good care appropriately, - Well fed and health parents, good offspring, - Both does and buck must be well fed and cared for before becoming parents, - Allow mating to occur at the right time, - A doeling come into heat at 4 to 5 months of age therefore must be raised apart from bucks from 4 months, - You should mate your doe when it is over 1 year old, - To get good results a farmer must control his goats, - First mating will depend on age and condition of the goat, - Mating before one year should only be allowed provided before and during pregnancy, - It is recommended that a doe should be bred when she each 75% to 80% of its mature weight, - For milking does they should be bred after the third month of kidding, A goat can only be bred when she is ready. Give your goats annual vaccinations to prevent the spread of disease and parasites. The exotic breeds have been crossed with the local breeds to get a better adapted and higher yielding animal than the local goats. There are many goat breeds which are very suitable for farming according to the weather and climate of Kenya. Show all. Dairy Goat Breeds in Kenya. They may have toggles (tassels) or not. Good housing prevents contamination of feeds with feaces. Dairy goats require less land than the same number of dairy cows. Milk is used at home so that the family get the best milk - if there is a cow many farmers will sell the cows milk for cash and make sure the family gets the goat milk to drink! we produce fresh milk in our farm. At present, goat farming has become a profitable business and it requires a very low investment because of its multi-functional utility. It’s the milk queen of the Kenyan arid and semi arid areas. Repeat this in a rhythm and quickly-using the full hand to avoid finger and thumb striping. Goats are important in some rituals, they are used during Circumcision ceremonies for example, Goat horn and bone are used in the traditional craft industry, Goats require less labour and time per head compared to cattle, Free from sharp objects that might cut the goat, Slats on floor for free fall of droppings, With an area of at least 2 meters per animal, When placing mud,make holes in the wall slanting down so that,the air does not land directly on the goats, Floor with slats to let manure fall through - keeps feet and animals clean and dry, Place to hang mineral block (placed where it cannot be rained on). The Boer Goat is a highly productive meat breed and considered a superior breed. Goat farming as a Business MRS, SNV, DLPD 1 1.0 INTRODUCTION There are more than 3 .5 million goats in Zimbabwe, of which 98 per cent are indigenous breeds and owned by the smallholder farmers. 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