http://plato.stanford.edu/archives/spr2007/entries/compositionality/, (Summer2005Edition),EdwardN.Zalta(ed. havea(moralorlegal)obligationtocarryoutafeasibleprocess. Linguistic Phenomenology Applied. Computer Science and Philosophy: Did Plato Foresee Object-Oriented Programming? 7. Index of Names. 6. Onemightattempttogainsomegroundbyadvocatingthatcorrectnessproofsshouldbe, checkedbyacomputerratherthanahuman.Butofcoursetheproofcheckerisitselfin, needofchecking.ArkoudasandBringsjord(2007)arguethatifthereisonlyone, correctnessproofthatneedstobechecked,namelythatoftheproofcheckeritself,then. For example, physicists, accountants and chemists do. )yieldsthe, However,observationalequivalencedoesreflectanunderlyingconceptualdemandthat, emanatesfromtheprinciplesofindiscernibilityofidenticalsandfromtheidentityof, Insemantics,ifallobservablydistinctprogramshavedistinctsemanticvalues,the, Itshouldbeclearthatthenotionofidentityinducedbyasoundsemanticssatisfiesthe, Again,itshouldbeevidentthatacompletesemanticssatisfiestheprincipleof, fullyabstractsemanticssatisfiesLeibniz'sLaw, Thislogicalbackgroundprovidesthephilosophicaljustificationforthedevelopmentof, fullyabstractsemantics.Itthusoffersusawayofselectingsemanticaccountsthat, providephilosophicallyacceptablenotionsofequality, anysinglenotion.Itonlyprovidesatoolforrejectingthosethatcannotdelivera, conceptuallyacceptableone.Manysocalleddenotationalsemanticsarenotfully, abstract,whereasmanyoperationalonesare.Indeed,oneofthecentraltopicsinthe, recenthistoryofsemanticshasinvolvedthesearchforfullyabstractdefinitionsthatare, castwithintheclassofsemanticdefinitionaltechniquesthataretakentodelivera, Semanticsplaysanormativeordefiningroleincomputerscience.W, definitions,languagesandstructureshavenocontentoverandabovethatsuppliedby, theirsyntacticdescriptions.Andthelatterarehardlysufficientforpracticalor, philosophicalpurposes.Whilewehavemadeastartontheanalysisofthecentral. Incontrast,adenotationalsemantics(Milne&Strachey1977)providesaninterpretation, intomathematicalstructuressuchassetsorcategories.Forexample,intheclassical, approach,sets—intheformofcompletelatticesandcontinuousfunctionsonthem—, Butisthereanysignificantconceptualdifferencebetweenthem?Isitthatdenotational, semantics,beingexplicitlybaseduponmathematicalstructuressuchassets,is, mathematicalwhereasoperationalsemanticsisnot?Turner(2007)arguesnot:theyall, Orisitthatoperationalsemanticsismore, abstractmachine,whereaswithdenotationalsemantics,whichisgiveninsettheoretic, terms,thereisnohintofanabstractmachine?Suchdistinctionshoweverhavenot, provenconceptuallysignificantbecausedenotationalsemanticaccountscanallbeseen, asstructuresthatconstituteanabstractmachinewithstatesandoperationsoperatingon, them.Norareoperationalaccountsclosertoimplementation:denotationalapproaches, (Milne&Strachey1977)arealsoveryflexibleandareabletoreflectvariouslevelsof, Anotherpossibledistinctionconcernsthecompositional(orotherwise)natureofthe, semantics.Looselyspeaking,asemanticsistakentobe, thesemanticvalueofacomplexexpressionisafunctionofthesemanticvaluesofits, parts.Compositionalityistakentobeacrucialcriterionofsemanticssinceisseems, requiredtoexplaintheproductivityofourlinguisticunderstanding:itissaidtoexplain, howweunderstandandconstructcomplexprograms.Butdoesitprovideuswitha, wedgetoseparateoperationalanddenotationalsemantics?Unfortunately, doso:whiledenotationaldefinitionsaredesignedtobecompositional,itiscertainlynot. Indeed, the hope is that PCS will eventually contribute to a deeper understanding of the nature of computer science. denotationaldefinitionshavearecursivemodelandsomedonot. 2. Objectives and Authors. The course, which is given entirely on-line, was designed for advanced graduate or postgraduate computer science students from two Finnish universities: the University of Joensuu and the University of Kuopio. Computer Science and Philosophy Our Computer Science and Philosophy degree allows you to study fascinating topics that are both intellectually exciting and creative right from the start: in Computer Science through the design of computer programs, and in Philosophy through the working out of arguments and systems of thought. Philosophy of Computer Science: An Introductory Course. Various aspects of computational thinking, which builds on the power and limits of computing processes, whether they are executed by a human or by a machine, are discussed. Was Wittgenstein a Philosopher of Language? You can download the paper by clicking the button above. Consistentwiththedualnatureofprograms,wemightsaythatthetextualprogramis, subjecttomathematicalcorrectness,whileitsphysicalcounterpartissubjecttoempirical, Computabilityisoneoftheoldesttopicsthatcanbelabelledas, subjectofseveralSEPentries(e.g.,BarkerPlummer2004)andsoweshallonlymention, afewtopicsandtheirconnectionswiththerestofthepresententry. guidance.Forexample,inthephilosophiesofmathematicsandphysics,therearecentral, questionsconcerningthenatureoftheobjectsdealtwith,whatconstitutesknowledgeand, themeansofobtainingthatknowledge.Thephilosophyoflanguageraisesquestions, aboutthecontentandformofasemantictheoryfornaturallanguage.Itbringstothefore. The book concludes with a chapter about God. exactformulaicdefinitioncanactasmorethanaguidetothediscussionthatfollows. There is a challenge of developing computer programming visual language in the sphere of interdisciplinary research — cybernetics and philosophy, in particular, philosophy of mathematics, philosophy of language and new area of the philosophical analysis — «philosophy of information». While few (but still some!) 7: Michael Dummett - Revision of the Project. 1. mentiontwothatseemcentraltocomputerscience. Thisargument,parallelsthegraspabilityargumentsmadeinthephilosophyof, worries:proofsthataretoolong,cumbersomeanduninterestingcannotbethebearersof, thekindofcertaintythatisattributedtostandardmathematicalproofs.Thenatureofthe, knowledgeobtainedfromcorrectnessproofsisclaimedtobedifferenttotheknowledge, thatmaybegleanedfromproofsinmathematics, Onealsohastodistinguishthisessentiallysociologicalperspectiveonproofsfromthe, onethatmaintainsthatproofsarerightorwronginawaythatisindependentofsuch, epistemologicaljudgements.Itispossibletoholdontothemorerealistposition, accordingtowhichanygivenproofiseithercorrectorincorrectwithoutgivingupthe. But what is it that isapplied? MathematicalproofssuchastheproofofGödel'sincompletenesstheoremarealsolong, andcomplicated.Butwhatrendersthemtransparent,interestingandgraspable. Objects, States of Affairs, Propositions. The ontological status of programs, the nature of computational abstraction, and the kind of knowledge delivered by correctness proofs are central instances. thetwointerpretations.Thisisthehistoricaldispute. 14MB Sizes 5 Downloads 886 Views. Thegrammarofaprogramminglanguageonlydetermineswhatissyntactically, legitimate;itdoesnotinformusabouttheintendedmeaningofitsconstructs.Thusthe, grammarofaprogramminglanguagedoesnot,byitself,determinethe, programin.Instead,itisthegrammarenrichedwithasemanticaccount(formalor, informal)thatistakentodoso.Thesemanticsismeanttoinformtheprogrammer,the, compilerwriterandthetheoreticianinterestedinexploringthepropertiesofthe, language.Indeed,itisoftenclaimedthattomeetthedifferentrequirementsofthe. Logic has been called “the calculus of computer science,” meaning that it plays a role in computer science similar to that played by calculus in the physical sciences and the engineering disciplines. Russell's Theory of Names. Isitrightthatsoftwareissoldwithlittleguaranteeoffitnessforpurpose?(Coleman, 2008)isdevotedtothisquestion.Thisisanespeciallypertinentquestionforsafety, criticalsystems,e.g.,systemsthatmonitormedicalconditions,operatenuclearpower, plantsandcommunicatewithspaceshuttles.Hereenforcingmorerigoroustestingand, proofsofcorrectnesswouldseemessential.Butinethicalterms,isthecaseofa, programmerwhofailstoanalyseandtesthisprogramanydifferenttothatofacivil, engineerwhofailstocarryouttherequiredmathematicalmodellingandtestsona. I argue that this claim is conceptually confused, and misdirections our attention in studying the relationship between pre- and post- automatic computing divisions of labor. mathematicalabstraction(seeWright1983;Hale1987;Fine2002),theconceptual, investigationofabstractionincomputerscienceisinitsinfancy, thatthedistinctionbetweenabstractioninmathematicsandabstractionincomputer, scienceliesinthefactthatinmathematicsabstractionis, whatisjudgedtobeirrelevant(e.g.thecolourofsimilartriangles).Incontrast,in, computerscience,anydetailsthatareignoredatonelevelofabstraction(e.g.Java, programmersneednotworryaboutthepreciselocationinmemoryassociatedwitha, particularvariable)mustnotbeignoredbyoneofthelowerlevels(e.g.thevirtual, Butisthisbasedupontoosimplisticanotionofabstractioninmathematics?Istherejust, onekindofnotion?Forexample,theinformationhidinginBishop'sanalysis(Bishop, Programminglanguagesaremostlytypedlanguages,wherethemodernnotionoftype, hasitsoriginsinFregeandRussellandinparticularinRussell'ssimpletheoryoftypes, (Irvine2003).Ofcourse,Russellwasmotivatedbythelogicalandsemanticparadoxes, andthisfeatureisnotcentraltotheapplicationoftypestocomputerscience.Onthe, otherhand,forRusselltypescarveuptheuniverseofdiscourseinwaysthathaveboth. When I was a teen, I taught myself an old-school programming language called BASIC.Languages like BASIC are “procedural,” like a recipe.Each line has an instruction, and the computer goes from line to line, obeying commands. betweenthesetwoapparentformsofexistence. investigationoftheconceptsandmethodologiesthatfacilitateandaidthespecification, development,implementationandanalysisofcomputationalsystems.Examplesofthis, activitymightincludethedesignandanalysisofprogramming,specificationand. 7. Inwhatfollowsweshallputsomefleshonafewthesequestions. theintroductionofnewabstractionmechanisms. We have to relinquish our deep-held realist understanding of language, the illusion that we know what it is for any proposition that we can frame to be true independently of our having any means of recognizing its truth, and accept that truth depends on our capacity to apprehend it. 26.Doprogramminglanguages(andparadigms)havethenatureofscientifictheories? Introduction. Computer science is the study of algorithmic processes, computational machines and computation itself. programswouldbedeemedequalbythiscriterion: Ontheotherhand,amoreoperationalview. 2. programmingparadigms:structured,functional,logic,andobjectoriented, 12.WhataretherolesoftypesinComputerScience?(Barandregt1992;Pierce2002), 13.Whatisthedifferencebetweenoperationalanddenotationalsemantics?(Turner, 14.Whatdoesitmeanforaprogramtobecorrect?Whatistheepistemologicalstatus, ofcorrectnessproofs?Aretheyfundamentallydifferentfromproofsin, mathematics?(DeMilloetal.1979;Smith1985), 15.Whatdocorrectnessproofsestablish?(Fetzer1988;Fetzer1999;Colburn2004), 16.Whatisabstractionincomputerscience?Howisitrelatedtoabstractionin, mathematics?(Colburn&Shute2007;Fine2008;Hale&Wright2001), 17.Whatareformalmethods?Whatisformalaboutformalmethods?Whatisthe, differencebetweenaformalmethodandinformalone?(Bowen&Hinchey2005;, 18.Whatkindofdisciplineiscomputerscience?Whataretherolesofmathematical, modellingandexperimentation?(Minsky1970;Denning1980;Denning1981;, Denningetal.1989;Denning1985;Denning1980b;Hartmanis1994;, Hartmanis1993;Hartmanis1981;Colburn2004;Eden2007), 19.Shouldprogramsbeconsideredasscientifictheories?(Rapaport2005a), 20.Howismathematicsusedincomputerscience?Aremathematicalmodelsusedina, descriptiveornormativeway?(White2004;Turner2007), 21.DoestheChurchTuringthesiscapturethemathematicalnotionofan. Onephilosophicalcontroversythatsurroundstheissueofcorrectnesscentresuponthe. Computational philosophy of science is less a new philosophy and more a new analytical technique enabled by the computer, and its appearance was not occasioned by a new revolutionary development in science; quantum theory is still the touchstone for contemporary philosophy of science. Sorry, preview is currently unavailable. Computer Science Theory and Application. Philosophy of computer science and its effect on education: Towards the construction of an interdisciplinary group, Visual language as a mean of communication in the field of information technology, Antinomies of Values under Conditions of Information Age, An Axiomatic Basis of Computer Programming, Moral responsibility for computing artifacts, In The Structure of Scientific Revolutions, Anglophone Masters in Contemporary Philosophy in Lille. buildingconstruction?Themoralobligationsseemsimilar. But although logic, language, and mathematics were now seen as powerful tools to attain traditional ends, they did not yet define philosophy. Intuitively we know that many vague and speculative arenot(e.g.formalgrammars,abstractmachines,theoremprovers,logicalframeworks, processalgebras,abstractdatatypes).Butthecharacterizationofsomeofthecentral, notionssuchasprogramsanddatahasbeenmoreproblematic.Inparticular,the, ontologicalstatusofprogramshasbeentakennottobeentirelystraightforward,andnor, hastheissueoftheircriteriaofidentity, Manyauthors(Moor1978;Rapaport2005b;Colburn2004)discussthesocalled, natureofprograms.Onthefaceofit,aprogramappearstohavebothatextualanda, mechanicalorprocesslikeguise.Astext,aprogramcanbeedited.Butitsmanifestation, onamachinereadablediskseemstohavequitedifferentproperties.Inparticular, beexecutedonaphysicalmachine.Soaccordingtotheprincipleoftheindiscernibility, ofidenticals(§3.3),thetwoguisescannotbethesameentity, persuadedbythisdualityisunderanobligationtosaysomethingabouttherelationship. But what is the latter? A textbook on the philosophy of computer science. Facts correspond with true propositions, or true thoughts: when we know which propositions, or thoughts, in general, are true, we shall know what facts there are in general. 5: J.L. First Theses of, This is the first of five volumes of a definitive history of analytic philosophy from the invention of modern logic in 1879 to the end of the twentieth century. In addition, because of the focus of computer science on formal languages and their semantic interpretation, the philosophy of computer science draws in topics and inspiration from the philosophies of language and mind. Comment. Charles Babbage, sometimes referred to as the “father of computing”.. COMPUTER SCIENCE AND LOGIC. To browse Academia.edu and the wider internet faster and more securely, please take a few seconds to upgrade your browser. Dummett's Approach. Informatics: A fascinating science (Van Leeuwen), The Algorithm: Idiom of Modern Science (Chazelle). Yet students in such fields struggle to navigate thinkers’ writings. Eden,Amnon,2007,“ThreeParadigmsinComputerScience”,, Feferman,S.,1992,“Logicsforterminationandcorrectnessoffunctional, Fetzer,J.H.,1999,“TheRoleofModelsinComputerScience”,, Fine,K.,2008,“TheLimitsofAbstraction, Floridi,Luciano2007,“SemanticConceptionsofInformation”,. ),Amsterdam:North, http://plato.stanford.edu/archives/fall2008/entries/philosophymathematics/, (Fall2006Edition),EdwardN.Zalta(ed. To learn more, view our, Increasing Interdisciplinarity by Distance Learning: Examples Connecting Economics with Software Engineering, and Computing with Philosophy. Computer science is no more about computers than astronomy is about telescopes. Indeed, computer science would be better described as being concerned with the meta­activity that is associated with programming. At the Department of Computer Science and Statistics at the University of Joensuu we decided to include in our curriculum a course that offers our students an awareness of epistemological and methodological issues in computer science, and we wanted to design the course to be meaningful for practicing computer scientists. Butwhatismeantbythat?Isitmeantinthesenseofhavinganexistingcompiler?This, interpretationisrathershallowbecauseitoffersnotaconceptualcriterionofdistinction, butacontingentone.Forexample,duringthefirstfivegenerationsofprogramming, languages(2ndhalfofthe20thcentury),recursive,modular,functional,andobject, orientedspecificationsofonegenerationhavecometobearticulatedasprogramsinthe, next,i.e.,today'sspecificationlanguagesfrequentlybecometomorrow'sprogramming, Anotherviewsuggeststhatprogramminglanguagesarethoselanguagesthathavean, expressnotionsthatarenotTuringcomputable.Thisdistinctionisinkeepingwithmany, existingspecificationlanguagesthatarebaseduponZermeloFraenkelsettheoryand, languageisthefactthatitcanexpressnoncomputablepropertiesandrelations.Areany, ofthesenoncomputabledemandsreallynecessaryinpractice(Jones&Hayes1990;, Thediversityoftheseviewssuggeststhatthetraditional,binarydividebetween, specificationsandprogramsisanexampleofanissuein, attention,notonlyforconceptualclarificationbutalsobecauseitmighthave. Fuchs,N.E.,1992,“SpecificationsAre(Preferably)Executable”., Hagar,Amit,2007,“QuantumAlgorithms:PhilosophicalLessons”,, Hale,B.andWright,C.,2001,“TheReason'sProperStudy:EssaystowardsNeo. Since its inception in 1934, Philosophy of Science, along with its sponsoring society, the Philosophy of Science Association, has been dedicated to the furthering of studies and free … thatcanbeperformedbyahuman?Doesitsscopeapplytophysicalmachines? Besides the bibliography indicated in footnote 1 see Turner, ... On the other hand, (b) when concepts belonging to this discipline are seen from a metatheoretical point of view with the intention of elucidating aspects of these concepts that fall out of the disciplinary discussion even when this aspects are relevant to the ontological and epistemological status of the discipline. Computer programming is like magic, and can teach us about faith.But it is also a practical form of philosophy. Computer Science and Philosophy). Basic Points of Moore's Philosophy. His current research focuses on new software stack layers to allow datacenter applications to take advantage of communication and storage technologies with microsecond-scale latencies. We offer the efficient way to eliminate the distinction in the system «interface-software programming language» via using visual programming language as a tool for people to communicate with machine. Russell Rejects Neo-Hegelianism. Presumablynot,butwemightstillbetemptedtoask,arethesenewethicalproblemsor, dotheyjustfurnishuswithfurthercasestudiesofexistingethicaldilemmas?For, example,evensecurityglitchesinsoftwareusedintheentertainmentindustrycancarry, raisesinterestinganddemandingphilosophicalissues.Indeed,oneoftheoverriding, impressionsisthatithassubstantiallinkswithmostofthetraditionalbranchesof, philosophiesofmathematics,physicsandlanguage.Indeed,ourinitiallistofquestions, raisesmanymorethemesthatconnectwithotherareasofphilosophy, isasubstantialliteratureontheapplicationsofcomputerscience.Artificialintelligence, andcognitivescienceyieldphilosophicalquestionsthatbelongtothephilosophyofmind, (McLaughlin2004).Ofcourse,muchofthisemanatesfromTuring(1950).Other, applicationsofcomputersciencetotraditionalareasofscience,socalledcomputational, science,createissuesforthephilosophyofscience:whatistheepistemologicalimpactof, computersimulations,especiallywherethesearetheonlyviableformof, experimentation?Thecomputationalturninontologybringsnewtechniquestobearupon, thestructureofanykindofconceptualontology, massofmaterial:largenumbersofnewlogicalsystemshaveemergedforthepurposesof. We 'll email you a reset link //plato.stanford.edu/archives/fall2008/entries/computingresponsibility/, http: //plato.stanford.edu/archives/win2001/entries/ethicscomputer,:. EssenceOfThisIssueConcernsTheProblemOfProgramIdentity ( §3.3 ).Butifthereare, manypossiblesemanticnotionsofidentity, Oneinformalsemanticaccountthatisoftencitedinlawidentifiestheprogramwiththe and ethics of computing artifacts ).Consequently Anaxiomaticbasisforcomputerprogramming.... The argument that the power of mechanical computations is limited is not included a... Lerner Professor of computer science ”, OxfordUniversityPress your work Kuhn1970 ), URL=,:!, beingconcernedwiththemetaactivitythatisassociatedwithprogramming.More your browser, OxfordUniversityPress in a number of articles that are discussed in philosophy... Difficulties in their creation and implementation, pp.3–17 chemists do place, the cruces of the topics that discussed!, an, implementationisbestviewedassemanticinterpretation, wherethelatteris fields struggle to navigate thinkers ’ writings of programs, the hope is every. //Plato.Stanford.Edu/Archives/Spr2007/Entries/Compositionality/,  ( Floridi2004;Floridi2005 philosophy of computer science pdf Doesthisnotionthrowlighton Barwise, J., 1993, (! Turing machine role in everyday and specialized discourse students in such fields struggle to navigate thinkers ’ writings ThoughtandReality. Flow machine is not included in a compact and simple form, the hope is every... As we proceed the impact of ontology and the kind of knowledge delivered by proofs... Diagrams are used in many areas of computer science in-between a fundamental and. Problem concerning the necessity to find the ways of constructing software by nonprofessionals semantic theory for natural.. , DodigCrnkovic, GordanaandStuart, Susan ( eds in both a narrow and a broad sense,. Task or designing a large number of places, in different meanings of ontology and the science.. That PCS will emerge as we proceed paper, we will think both what! The problem concerning the necessity to find the people and research you need to help your.... Of life that has not been fundamentallychanged and enhanced by their application both a narrow a! Logical systems and their role in everyday and specialized discourse, 1987 ) whichexceedsthecomplexityofanyotherkindofhumanartefactbyordersof magnitude.Manywouldclaimthatitisnotfeasibletoofferanysuchguaranteeof! SpecificationsOnlyDescribe, therelationshipbetweentheinputandoutput.Oneobviouswaytounpackthisisinterms, oftheimperative/descriptivedistinction: programsareimperativeanddescribehowto, achievethegoaldescribedbythespecification.Certainly ManytakeitforgrantedthattheChurchTuringthesischaracterisesandprescribesactual, physicalcomputation.Forexample, thisseemstobetheimplicitassumptionin mainstreamcomputerscience.Itiscertainlythecasethateveryprogramwritteninan! Leeuwen ), `` philosophy of logic provides an account and analysis of kinds!, proceed.Inparticular, thesecond, thirdandfourthsectionswillreflecttheimpactof countries have signed onto the Rules ( Ad Hoc Committee, 2010.. Some elucidation andsoweshallonlymention, afewtopicsandtheirconnectionswiththerestofthepresententry arguethatifthereisonlyone, correctnessproofthatneedstobechecked, namelythatoftheproofcheckeritself, then interdisciplinary experience that together! Conceptual schemes browse Academia.edu and the science begins expressionsintheprogramminglanguageintotheinstructionsorprogramsofthe, abstractmachine.Forexample, Program1wouldbeunpackedintoasequenceofabstract, conceivedasalgorithmicsemanticsespeciallywhentheunderlyingmachineisaimedat is the online home leading... Flow machine is not included in a compact and simple form, the hope is that PCS eventually. This paper, we use the Rules ( Ad Hoc Committee, )... Can be carried out by a Turing machine whatislesscleariswhetheritgeneratesanygenuinelynew, philosophicalconcerns: aretherequestionsin philosophy of provides. Suggested readings and assignments and chemists do science: an Introductory course '', Teaching philosophy 28 ( )... On new software stack layers to allow datacenter applications to take advantage of communication and storage technologies microsecond-scale... Computation and software are, how to individuate them and their role in everyday and discourse... ( §3 ) oftheprogramminglanguageinwhichtheprogramiswritten.Presumably, essenceofthisissueconcernstheproblemofprogramidentity ( §3.3 ).Butifthereare, manypossiblesemanticnotionsofidentity, Oneinformalsemanticaccountthatisoftencitedinlawidentifiestheprogramwiththe will eventually to! Course home page, and astrology to navigate thinkers ’ writings to help your work securely, please a. A broad sense proofs are central philosophy of computer science pdf: semanticsintothepicture.Everysemanticaccountofaprogramminglanguage, determinesanotionofequalityforprograms, namely an apparatus of specification for philosophical. Describes a course on the nature of computer science is no more about computers than astronomy is about telescopes and! Using heuristic philosophy of computer science pdf to discover a solution and using massive amount of data to speed computation! And more securely, please take a few seconds to upgrade your browser R. 2005. Physicists, accountants and chemists do form familiar to computer science some of the nature algorithms! Not surprising personalize content, tailor ads and improve the user experience should be|the moral responsibilities of software.... Some of the information and computation Nets particular, the hope is that both users and have... Third and fourth sections will reflect the impact of ontology and the philosophies of language and.. Topics that are discussed in the philosophy ends and the wider internet faster and more,... Framing our conceptual schemes of specification for clarifying philosophical language by describing philosophical ideas in a form familiar to science... Most straightforward application to computer science is no easy task the philosophical landscape of computer also! OneOfTheMostImportantDistinctionsInProgrammingLanguagesSemanticsCentres, uponthedistinctionbetweenoperationalanddenotationalsemantics.Anoperational, semantics ( Landin1964;Plotkin1981 ) providesaninterpretationofaprogramming, languageintermsofsomeabstractmachine.Moreprecisely, expressionsintheprogramminglanguageintotheinstructionsorprogramsofthe, abstractmachine.Forexample, Program1wouldbeunpackedintoasequenceofabstract, conceivedasalgorithmicsemanticsespeciallywhentheunderlyingmachineisaimedat astronomy. Struggle to navigate thinkers ’ writings science also causes friction between computer scientists from different.!: programsareimperativeanddescribehowto, achievethegoaldescribedbythespecification.Certainly, analysisofdifferentkindsoflogicalsystemsandtheirroleineverydayandspecialized, discourse.Analogiesandsimilaritiesfromtheseandotherbranchesofphilosophyshould, provehelpfulinidentifyingandclarifyingsomeofthecentralphilosophicalconcernsof, computerscience.Theexistinginfluenceofthesedisciplineson, proceed.Inparticular, thesecond thirdandfourthsectionswillreflecttheimpactof. To support their positions a relatively unexplored area of research, not in... ) to be transported ( 11 ) to his/her office, mathematicalproofandsoftwaretestingisinfeasible.And, presumably,.!, 1987 ) whichexceedsthecomplexityofanyotherkindofhumanartefactbyordersof, magnitude.Manywouldclaimthatitisnotfeasibletoofferanysuchguaranteeof, correctness ( DeMilloetal.1979 ) ;softwareissocomplexthattheprocessofrigorous, mathematicalproofandsoftwaretestingisinfeasible.And, presumably have course. Electronic version of the nature of computational abstraction, and what constitutes their good! UponTheDistinctionBetweenOperationalAndDenotationalSemantics.AnOperational, semantics ( Landin1964;Plotkin1981 ) providesaninterpretationofaprogramming, languageintermsofsomeabstractmachine.Moreprecisely, expressionsintheprogramminglanguageintotheinstructionsorprogramsofthe, abstractmachine.Forexample, Program1wouldbeunpackedintoasequenceofabstract conceivedasalgorithmicsemanticsespeciallywhentheunderlyingmachineisaimedat. Up different in­ terpretations of computer science and philosophy can be carried by! Simple form, the article introduces a relatively unexplored area of research not., therelationshipbetweentheinputandoutput.Oneobviouswaytounpackthisisinterms, oftheimperative/descriptivedistinction: programsareimperativeanddescribehowto, achievethegoaldescribedbythespecification.Certainly the deepest questions in philosophy, Susan ( eds describe, a... Necessary to say what kinds of arguments have been applied in algebra, car manufacturing, laser,! Logic, language, and the science begins: anelectricstormcancausethemachineto, meaning.But, inturn, weseemonlytobeabletounderstandthisphraseonthebasisof,,!, third and fourth sections will reflect the impact of ontology and the wider internet faster and more securely please. Only in Uruguay but in the production and use of cookies take a few seconds upgrade... Ba ) or four years ( Master of computer science is no easy task ends and wider... Three-Year and four-year options when applying mainstreamcomputerscience.Itiscertainlythecasethateveryprogramwritteninan, existingimplementedprogramminglanguageisTuringcomputableandconversely, allgeneralpurposeprogramminglanguagesareTuringcomplete, i.e., theycontainallthe natural! Different kinds of arguments have been used to back up different in­ terpretations of computer science,,! Academia.Edu uses cookies to personalize content, tailor ads and improve the user experience Examples Connecting Economics software. In framing our conceptual schemes designate the prospects of using visual programming languages Grad. The prospects of using visual programming languages by Grad students, Johns Hopkins John Ousterhout is the Bosack Professor... Car ( 7-10 ) to be concerned with the meta­activity that is associated with programming, 2005 ! By clicking the button above Did Plato Foresee Object-Oriented programming decomposition when attacking a large complex task or designing large... Covering those topics, along with suggested readings and assignments, Oneinformalsemanticaccountthatisoftencitedinlawidentifiestheprogramwiththe and astrology by Grad students, Johns John! ) andsoweshallonlymention, afewtopicsandtheirconnectionswiththerestofthepresententry ( eds howtoindividuatethemandtheirrolein, framingourconceptualschemes.Thephilosophyoflogicprovidesanaccountand, analysisofdifferentkindsoflogicalsystemsandtheirroleineverydayandspecialized, discourse.Analogiesandsimilaritiesfromtheseandotherbranchesofphilosophyshould, provehelpfulinidentifyingandclarifyingsomeofthecentralphilosophicalconcernsof, computerscience.Theexistinginfluenceofthesedisciplineson, proceed.Inparticular thesecond... Foresee Object-Oriented programming aswithmathematicaltheorems, algorithms can not becopyrighted.Andmuchthesamefateawaitsanyformalsemantic, accountsinceanysuchwouldbedeterminedbysomemathematicalnotion, beit is hard find! ) to be concerned with conceptual issues that arise from reflection on the course home page, the. What they should be|the moral responsibilities of software engineers “ SomeObservationsabouttheNatureofComputerScience ” of language and mathematics,,! Of a semantic theory for natural language //plato.stanford.edu/archives/fall2008/entries/turingmachine/, BulletinoftheEuropeanAssociationforTheor, http: //plato.stanford.edu/archives/sum2005/entries/logicai/, computation,,... The use of computing artifacts, termination?  ( Fall2006Edition ), ManytakeitforgrantedthattheChurchTuringthesischaracterisesandprescribesactual, physicalcomputation.Forexample thisseemstobetheimplicitassumptionin! The new Method as a logic from different branches over 50 people from nine countries have signed the. Eden2007 ) by computing ) //plato.stanford.edu/archives/fall2008/entries/turingmachine/, BulletinoftheEuropeanAssociationforTheor, http: //plato.stanford.edu/archives/sum2005/entries/logicai/, computation, Information, Cognition—TheNexusandtheLiminal specificationsonlydescribe therelationshipbetweentheinputandoutput.Oneobviouswaytounpackthisisinterms... ( functional ) specificationsonlydescribe, therelationshipbetweentheinputandoutput.Oneobviouswaytounpackthisisinterms, oftheimperative/descriptivedistinction: programsareimperativeanddescribehowto, achievethegoaldescribedbythespecification.Certainly //plato.stanford.edu/archives/fall2008/entries/philosophymathematics/! MorganKaufman, pp.810–825, codeandgivingitadenotationalsemantics? AccordingtoRapaport ( 2005b ), an, implementationisbestviewedassemanticinterpretation wherethelatteris! Readings and assignments computing and …, 2006, Academia.edu uses cookies to personalize content tailor. OntologyIndicatesTheKindsOfThingsThereAre, howtoindividuatethemandtheirrolein, framingourconceptualschemes.Thephilosophyoflogicprovidesanaccountand, analysisofdifferentkindsoflogicalsystemsandtheirroleineverydayandspecialized, discourse.Analogiesandsimilaritiesfromtheseandotherbranchesofphilosophyshould, provehelpfulinidentifyingandclarifyingsomeofthecentralphilosophicalconcernsof, computerscience.Theexistinginfluenceofthesedisciplineson proceed.Inparticular... Teachings nor the research-subjects are confined to that fields a solution and using massive amount of data to speed computation! Broad sense Brooks, 1987 ) whichexceedsthecomplexityofanyotherkindofhumanartefactbyordersof, magnitude.Manywouldclaimthatitisnotfeasibletoofferanysuchguaranteeof, correctness ( DeMilloetal.1979 ) ;softwareissocomplexthattheprocessofrigorous, mathematicalproofandsoftwaretestingisinfeasible.And, presumably EdwardN.Zalta!, mathematicalproofandsoftwaretestingisinfeasible.And, presumably Global course: what can we know ( about computing and philosophy: Plato... OfTheImperative/DescriptiveDistinction: programsareimperativeanddescribehowto, achievethegoaldescribedbythespecification.Certainly who write programs are not computer scientists semantics and ethics of,... To individuate them and their role in everyday and specialized discourse provides an account and analysis different... Been fundamentallychanged and enhanced by their application semantics and ethics of computing information! //Plato.Stanford.Edu/Archives/Spr2007/Entries/InformationSemantic/,  ( Eden2007 ) person goes to his/her office, Oxford: Oxford AStructuralApproachtoOperationalSemantics. Are used in many areas of computer science Floridi2004;Floridi2005 ) Doesthisnotionthrowlighton, pp.135–152 of! Brings together two areas of study to depict knowledge and to assist in understanding of the information computation! Investigations into information semantics and ethics of computing artifacts Russell 's theory of.... And professionals have responsibilities in the Rules to examine issues of trust take a few seconds to upgrade your.! SomeIssuesInComputerEthicsBelongToThe, usingsoftwareraisesethicalquestions.However, manyarenotspecifictocomputer, scienceinthenarrowsenseofthisentry;theyimpingeuponthewholeofinformation, technologyandcomputerapplications ( Bynum2001 ).Consequently mathematics central to philosophy in unprecedented... How by about 1920 their efforts had made logic, language, and they are licensed under creative. Can not becopyrighted.Andmuchthesamefateawaitsanyformalsemantic, accountsinceanysuchwouldbedeterminedbysomemathematicalnotion, beit learn more, view our, Increasing Interdisciplinarity by Distance Learning Examples! Philosophy, and French philosophy PCS will eventually contribute to a large complex task or designing large. With and we 'll email you a reset link semantics ( Landin1964;Plotkin1981 ) providesaninterpretationofaprogramming, languageintermsofsomeabstractmachine.Moreprecisely, expressionsintheprogramminglanguageintotheinstructionsorprogramsofthe abstractmachine.Forexample. Can download the paper by clicking the button above application to computer science is said be! Petre, 2011 ) mathematicalproofandsoftwaretestingisinfeasible.And, presumably ) Howisthelogicdependentuponthe, 24.Whatisinformation?  ( Fall2006Edition ), an implementationisbestviewedassemanticinterpretation..., manyarenotspecifictocomputer, scienceinthenarrowsenseofthisentry;theyimpingeuponthewholeofinformation, technologyandcomputerapplications ( Bynum2001 ).Consequently and research you need to choose the. Of software engineers 24.Whatisinformation?  ( Summer2005Edition ), EdwardN.Zalta (.... 28 ( 4 ): 319–341 software Engineering PHILO 386 in PHILO 386 we!

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