Drug Inspector, GPAT, NIPER, Bpharm, Mpharm study material. Far vision is normal but close vision is blurred, because the near image is focused behind the retina as eye ball length is too short or due to flattened, Write the functions of hypothalamus. (each def 1 mark, any 4 endocrine glands 1 mark), f)                Define menstruation. B.P is the force or lateral pressure which the blood exerts on the wall of blood vessels. Proliferative phase: It is characterized by release of oestrogen by the maturing ovarian follicle under the influence of FSH from the anterior pituitary. Classify connective tissue. The next three ribs are attached indirectly via seventh rib & known as false ribs. Blood group ‘O’ has neither A nor B antigen on their cell membrane. Smooth and rough. Cite 1 Recommendation The normal human has 12-15 breath per min. The purpose of this process is to reabsorb those constituents of the filtrate which are essential to the body, maintain the fluid and electrolyte balance and the alkalinity of blood. This oxygenated blood from right and left lungs is collected by four pulmonary veins and poured into left atrium. ( e)Deficiency of vitamin K. The superior vena cava (for upper body) and inferior vena cava (for lower body) receive deoxygenated /impure blood from various part of the body through different veins. An Easier Road Through Medical University is Only One Click Away! Normally it conducts the impulses that are originated by SA node. This digests protein to smaller, Intrinsic factor absorbs vit. Publication date 1902 Topics Pharmacognosy Publisher St. Louis, Mo., Aug. Gast Bank Note and Litho. This phase lasts for 10 days and stops when ovulation occurs and oestrogen production is inhibited i.e. It is composed of a liquid matrix plasma (55%) & different cells suspended in it (45%). Best Handwritten Notes; Commitment to Excellence; First-Rate Curriculum Break down of nucleic acids to form uric acid which is excreted in urine. Breakdown of RBCs & defense against This is carried out by Kupffer cells. amine group is set free which forms, Metabolism of fat: Whenever energy is needed, the saturated stored fat is converted to a form in which it can be used to provide, Destruction of RBCs forming bile pigments and, Formation of heparin, a natural anticoagulant in the, Maintenance of body temperature: As a number of chemical reactions occur in the liver, heat is generated which is helpful in maintaining body, Excretion of toxic substances: The toxic substances entering the body through alimentary canal are destroyed in, Carbohydrate metabolism: It helps in maintaining plasma glucose level with the help of insulin &, Fat metabolism: Stored fat can be converted to a form in which it can be used by the tissue to provide. As a result, the pressure inside the lungs increases as compared to atmospheric pressure. Excretion- Skin is a minor excretory organ & excretes NaCl, urea & sub. It is known as secondary pace maker as it generates the impulses when there is problem with SA node. Men of all ages in both developing and undeveloped countries use plants in an attempt to cure various diseases and to get relief from physical sufferings. Normal value is 500, Inspiratory reserve volume: It is the amount of air that can be breathed in and above the tidal volume by the deepest possible inspiration. cone opsins (also known as photopsins or iodopsin) present in cone cells, are used in colour. A total o 5640 species of the flowering plants (including 6 gymnosperms) are reported either naturally occurring or cultivated in the state (Nair and Henry, 1983). pharmacognosy a textbook for students of pharmacy Oct 03, 2020 Posted By Robert Ludlum Library TEXT ID 9494e882 Online PDF Ebook Epub Library pharmacognosy phytochemistry lab pharmacognosy is the study of starting material and substance intended for … mass and volume. The impulses may then pass to the brain or to connector neurons of reflex arcs in the spinal cord. Solve any four of the following:                                                          12, ) Write steps involved in urine formation. temperature, pressure, density, surface tension, and viscosity of pure liquid. Exocrine gland: The glands that discharge their secretions through the duct are known as exocrine glands. This book “A Textbook of Pharmacognosy” written Pharmacy students, i.e., for undergraduate, postgraduate, paramedical and other professionals. Besides them, it is . Mineralocorticoids (aldosterone.) The small area of the retina where the optic nerve leave the eye is known as optic disc or blind spot as no light sensitive cells are present here. Parasymp. BPharm Pharmacy Lecture Notes and Online Study Material - Online Study material and Lecture notes. View 6-Faculty of Pharmacy.pdf from AA 1FACULTY OF PHARMACY College of Pharmacy Pharmaceutics Pharmaceutical Chemistry Pharmacognosy Pharmacology Pharmacy Practice Phone: 048-9230217, 048-9230811-15. You can also downlod PDF. Bachelor of Pharmacy is also known as B.Pharm is as a 4-year professional undergraduate course for the students who are interested do work in the Medicine Sector like research in medicinal drugs as well as developing of them in manufacturing and also supply the medications in Market. Introduction to Pharmacognosy PDF Note Download Free For Pharmacy Students. Hypoglossal –                              Supplies to the muscle of tongue & muscle surrounding the hyoid bone & helps in swallowing & speech. Give the various functions of medulla oblongata. Water, mineral salt, mucus, HCl, intrinsic factor, pepsinogen Functions of gastric juice-. structure_of_protiens.pdf: File Size: 106 kb: File Type: pdf: Download File. ( atrial systole-0.1 sec). It gets stimulated by the light rays. . The research mission of the department is the discovery, design, analysis, and further development of potential drugs … The central retina has macula lutea or yellow spot made up of only cone cells. iii) White fibrous tissue     iv) Yellow elastic tissue, There are 12 pairs of ribs. External respiration- (cycle of breathing). is constant at 36.8. India is known as the “Emporium of Medicinal plants” due to the prevalence of several thousands of medicinal plants in different bioclimatic zone (Yoganarasimhan, 2000). FREE Medical Lecture Notes, Study Guides, and Exam Help for Medical Students. When the endplate potential increases, it stimulates the entire muscle fibre causing an action potential to travel in both directions along the fibre. Solve any four of the following:                                                          12, Tidal volume: It is the volume of air moved in & out of lungs during normal breathing. (def 1 mark, explanation 2 marks), Q.5  Solve any four of the following:        (12 marks, 03 marks each), (1)   Factors accelerating clotting are( any 3 points, 1.5 marks), Injury to the walls of the blood vessels: An injury in the form of cut bleeds more freely than the injury by the. Name the different reproductive organs of male reproductive system. There are light sensitive cells mainly of two types: the rods and, The entire retina contains about 7 million cones and 75 to 150 million, Rods function mainly in dim light and provide black-and-white vision, The rods have rhodopsin or visual purple is photosensitive pigment. 11:45 am. e functions of mitochondria & endoplasmic reticulum. The portal vein is formed by union of gastric vein from stomach, superior & inferior mesenteric veins from small and large intestine, splenic vein from spleen & cystic vein from gall bladder. which are very important for your examinations. (aerobic oxidation). The use of plants as medicine is as old as human civilization. Pharmacognosy study herbs like drugs, adverse reactions and interactions; for that reasons pharmacognosy is an important course for pharmacy students. They regulate metabolism like gluconeogenesis, lipolysis and proteolysis. when the ovarian follicle ruptures. Solve any four of the following:                                                          12, The fibres (cell) are cylindrical and has, They are under the control of our will. Give functions of mitochondria & endoplasmic reticulum. Draw a well-labelled diagram of reflex arc. The rods are present more in the periphery of the, Cones sensitive to bright light & colour. The endometrium becomes thicker by rapid cell multiplication and this is accompanied by an increase in the number of mucus-secreting glands and blood capillaries. (no-threshold substances) Parathormone from parathyroid gland & calcitonin from thyroid gland regulate reabsorption of calcium & phosphate. X Exclude words from your search Put - in front of a word you want to leave out. & Comm.Pharmacy Human Anatomy and Physiology Job Mcqs Medicinal Chemistry Notes Organic chemistry Patent Agents Pharma News Pharmaceutical Analysis Pharmaceutical Chemistry Pharmaceutical Engineering Pharmaceutical Jurisprudence Pharmaceutics Pharmacognosy Pharmacology Pharmacology & Toxicology Physical pharmacy Question Papers Quiz semester 1 Student … They regulate metabolism like gluconeogenesis, lipolysis and proteolysis. (1 mark) Write their function. Skeletal muscles contract & help the movement of the body & stability of the joint. They are involved in cellular respiration, the process by which chemical energy is made available in the cell. Sympathetic stimulation: Bronchodilation allowing greater amount of air to enter the lungs at each inspiration. It is continuous with the oesophagus at cardiac sphincter and with duodenum at pyloric sphincter. Rough ER is studded with ribosomes. Students of d.pharm 2nd year can easily download by selecting the subjects of notes they want to download. ( 2 marks), It controls the hormone release from pituitary. Name the endocrine glands. Hypermetropia: Also known as farsightedness. The immense taxonomic diversity of the country throws a challenge to the Indian chemists and biologist to transform the enormous bioresource into economic wealth and intellectual property. Write various events in cardiac cycle. Arthritis: Chronic disease that results in pain and restricted movement of, Sprain: Joint injury in which some of the fibres of supporting ligament are damaged, c)              Name different type of blood group. of Tech. glucose; vitamins and amino acids get completely reabsorbed into the blood. Bookmark File PDF D Pharmacy Pharmacognosy 1 St Year Notes Pharmacognosy; Download D.Pharm Notes For 2nd Year. Bachelor of Pharmacy complete notes of every year (every semester). Tag: pharmacology pdf notes Free pharmacy books -Pharmacology. But can donate only to AB. Immediately after action potential is over, the previously released Ca ions recombine with reticulum and the muscle contraction stops. There are three processes of urine formation: Selective reabsorption is the process by which the composition and volume of the glomerular filtrate is altered during its passage through the convoluted tubules, Loop of Henle and the collecting tubule. Give physiology of neuromuscular transmission. However, our knowledge of medicinal plants has mostly been inherited traditionally. It gets bleached with light & gets regenerated by vit. Low-threshold substances like urea, uric acid are absorbed slightly. (Otto Augustus), 1846-1922. (name 1 mark, explanation 2 marks), d)             Define cardiac cycle. Hence we provide Notes as Solved Question Paper which are very important for your examinations. Pharmacology Notes: PPT PDF – ANTICANCER DRUGS. The venous blood then leaves liver via hepatic vein & joins the inferior vena cava. pharmacognosy a textbook for students of pharmacy Oct 07, 2020 Posted By Erle Stanley Gardner Public Library TEXT ID 9494e882 Online PDF Ebook Epub Library scientific and other l disciplines providing a unified and comprehen sive treatment of medicinal plants this … The blood from right atrium enters the right ventricle through a tricuspid valve, which prevent back flow of blood from ventricle into atrium. The muscle fibre is repolaised again to receive successive stimuli. A. Subpages (1): Hospital&Clinical Pharmacy Notes. creatinine are not at all absorbed. Thus the two hormones help to maintain the blood sugar level constant. ( names of layers 1 mark, any 4 functions 2 marks), Protection – It forms the water proof layer & protects the inner delicate structures. The deoxygenated/ impure blood from right ventricle is forced into pulmonary artery through pulmonary valve. Give the functions of muscle. This deoxygenated/ impure blood they pour into the right atrium of heart. After the contraction of the ventricles there is complete cardiac diastole(0.4 sec) when both atria & ventricles relax. 1).Introduction of biochemistry2).Principle of biochemistry3).Biomolecules • Amino acid • Carbohydrate Plasma- Composition– Water-90-92%, plasma proteins, inorganic salts, nutrients, waste material, hormones & gases. Download the best quality notes for b.pharm 2nd year subjects like pharmaceutical organic chemistry iii, physical pharmacy,pharmaceutical microbiology, pharmaceutical engineering, medicinal chemistry i, pharmacognosy, physical pharmacy … (names 1 mark, functions 2 marks). When the action potential spread to inside of muscle fibre then Ca ions are released. There are three layers of smooth muscle fibres outer longitudinal, the middle circular layer & the inner oblique fibres. Presbyopia: As a process of aging, the lens loses its elasticity; the distant objects are seen clear but close objects are, Olfactory –                                       sense of smell, Optic  –                                          sense of light/vision. At the same time four pulmonary veins transport oxygenated blood into the left atrium. The impulses from the SA node spreads over the atria, atria contracts, the AV valves open and & blood flows to ventricles. The below mentioned article provides a short notes on Pharmacognosy. Write the effect of sympathetic and parasympathetic stimulation on: Explain the role of insulin and glucagon in the body. They transmit impulses to the effector organs; muscles and glands. Pharmacognosy PDF Notes. Introduction to Pharmacognosy PDF Note Download Free For Pharmacy Students. Cataract: This is opacity of lens which may be age related or congenital bilateral or unilateral. The superior & inferior vena cava transport the deoxygenated blood into right atrium. The study of the action of the drug also comes under the preview of pharmacognosy. Secretion of bile: Bile salts are helpful in digestion and absorption of fats by its emulsification. Explain proliferative phase of menstruation. Although pharmacognosy is principally concerned with plant mat… When, come in contact with the oxidative enzymes of mitochondria, they combine to form CO2, water & energy, this is in the form of ATP. (1 mark each), Mitochondria is known as power house of cell. When the wave of contraction reaches AV node, it is stimulated & emits impulses which spreads over AV bundle, bundle branches & purkinje fibres resulting in contraction of ventricles pumping the blood into pulmonary artery & the aorta. But, in the portal circulation, venous blood from the capillary bed of the abdominal parts, the spleen & the pancreas passes to the liver via the portal vein. (1 mark), l)  What is B.P.? We provides you the best Handwritten notes by best tutors. For example, jaguar speed -car Search for an exact match Put a word or phrase inside quotes. (e)  Define nephritis. The pulmonary arteries divide into two branches each enters the right and left lungs. From left atrium this blood enters into left ventricle through bicuspid valve which prevents back flow of blood into left atrium.This oxygenated blood from left ventricle is forced into the aorta through aortic valve which prevent back flow of blood into left ventricle. • Intensive properties: Properties which are independent of the amount of the substances in the system, e.g. (Any 2, 2 marks), k)  What are auditory ossicles? & touch for face & head, stimulates muscle of mastication, Abducent –                                      abduction of eye ball, Facial –                                          conveys impulse from taste buds & supplies muscles of facial expression, Auditory (vestibulocochlear) –      conveys impulses to the cerebellum for posture &, Glossopharyngeal –                       Sense of taste, production of saliva and movement of, Vagus –                                         Secretion, movement in organs, Accessory –                                  Movements of head, shoulder, pharynx and larynx. SA node (sinoatrial node) This is small mass of specialized neuromuscular cells in the walls of myocardium of right atrium near the opening of the superior vena cava. They are involved in cellular respiration, the process by which chemical energy is made available in the cell. Androgens: The compounds secreted are insignificant to show any action. INDIA. Different blood groups are: A, B, AB and O, Blood group “O” is called as Universal donor and Blood group “AB” is called as. (3 marks). (d)Lower temperature: However, lower temperature causes contraction of blood vessels. It has 2 curvatures – lesser curvature and greater curvature. Give its importance. Pharmacognosy embraces a number of scientific and other l disciplines providing a unified and comprehen-sive treatment of medicinal plants. Good for pharmacy students.’ ‘This is an ultimate textbook in this subject and a boon for students of M Pharmacy (Pharmacognosy) as well as undergraduates students of Pharmacy. Individuals have different antigens on the surface of their RBCs. Inspiration: The simultaneous contraction of intercostal muscles & diaphragm increases the capacity of thoracic cavity. - C. A. Seydler was a medical student at Halle, Germany. It increases the reabsorption of Na ions. (steps 1 mark, explanation 2 marks), What is muscle tone? (muscle tone 1 mark, functions 2 marks), Smooth muscles helps contraction & relaxation of blood vessels & controls blood flow & movement of the food in the alimentary, Cardiac muscles help in the functioning of, )Give the composition & function of gastric juice. Name the factors affecting B.P. Clik on the download here option to get the soft copy. Reflex action is an automatic motor response given by the spinal cord to the sensory stimulus without involving brain in action. passes through the secondary capillary bed, the hepatic sinusoid in the liver before entering the general circulation via the inferior vena cava. It also helps in generation of heat.Intercostal muscles help in respiration. Alongwith D.pharm 1st year we have also notes for the d.pharm 2nd year students. (comp. Stratum corneum, stratum lucidum and stratum granulosum & stratum germinativum Functions of skin: When a nerve impulse reaches neuromuscular junction, passage of action potential over the sole feet causes the vesicles of acetylcholine to rupture into the synaptic cleft. Bachelor of Pharmacy complete notes of every year (every semester). The cycle consists of menstrual phase for 4 days, proliferative phase for 10 days & secretary phase for 14 days. In all parts of the body, the venous blood passes from the tissues to the heart by the direct route. This helps the churning movement & peristaltic movement. Give function of kidney. Glucocorticoids: Cortisol or hydrocortisone is the main glucocorticoid. Download here Whereas blood group AB has neither antiA nor antiB antibodies. Whenever the blood sugar level falls below the normal the glycogen stored in the liver is broken down to glucose by the hormone glucagon. The acetylcholine acts on the cell membrane to increase its permeability. To equalise the pressure the air from atmosphere enters the lungs. (4marks; circulation 3 marks, importance 1 mark), (c)      State functions of Semen and Placenta (4 marks, 2 marks each) Functions of Semen: (2 marks), Increase motility and fertility of spermatozoa, Semen is slightly alkaline, to neutralize the acidity of, Prostaglandin present causes contraction of, It contains nutrients to nourish and support the sperm during their journey through the female reproductive, To provide the foetus with nourishment and removal of waste material from the, To act as the foetal lung by providing oxygenation of the fetal blood, The placenta also acts as a barrier in preventing certain micro-organisms of disease reaching the fetus thus protects the, The placenta helps the ovaries in the production of estrogen & progesterone hormones necessary for the continuation and maintenance of, What is sensory and motor neuron? The chapters open with a list of objectives to guide the reader, and most end with questions which challenge the reader’s understanding of the concepts covered with in the chapter. Sympathetic stimulation: Dilation of pupils causing mydriasis. Men of all ages in both developing and undeveloped countries use plants in an attempt to cure various diseases and to get relief from physical sufferings. Describe selective reabsorption. Aldosterone by adrenal cortex increases reabsorption of sodium. by admin. Pharcognosy by Dr.Agnes Farkas, Dr. Gyorgyi Hovarth, Prof. Dr. Peter Molnar. The enzyme acetylcholinesterase present in the synaptic cleft. This causes contraction of muscle fibres. Parasymp. ADH from posterior pituitary increases the permeability of the tubule & increases water reabsorption. It is a site of synthesis of proteins that are exported from, b)  Define tissue. of professional pharmacy students and graduate students. (D.Pharmacy) Chopda Dist.Jalgaon (M.S.) Hence it is called as universal recipient. The peninsular India probably has the richest and varied flora than other tracks of equal area in India, possible in the world (Gamble, 1967), a phenomenon contributed by its combined effects of its geographical situation and topography. causes hydrolysis of acetylcholine. Pharmacognosy lecture notes pdf files ExtendedManuals com. It is known as pacemaker of the heart as it initiates the impulses. PHarmacy ( Pharm D , B - Pharm ,M-Pharm , D Pharm) Lecture Notes Links collected from the website of : Hindu College Of Pharmacy . (aerobic oxidation), Endoplasmic reticulum are of two types. May 12, 2018. All sorts of pharmacy notes like Pharmacology notes, Physiology Notes, Pharmacognosy Notes etc will be posted regularly for pharmd students in raw text and download ready pdf and ppt files.stay tuned and feel free to suggest any improvements. The book deals with the drugs derived from the vegetable and animal kingdoms with reference to the forms in which they occur in the crude drug trade. After this the next cycle begins. In the liver certain modifications takes place including the blood nutrient level. Expiration: Relaxation of intercostal muscles & diaphragm results in decrease in the space in the lungs. Presentation subjects includes - Pharma Analysis , Pharma Chemistry , Pharmaceutics , Pharmacology , Regulatory Affairs , Pharma Practice , Pharmacognosy , Bio Technology Q4. (Reflex action 1 ½ marks, diagram 1 ½ marks), Sudden withdrawal of hand if fingers touch something, Quick recovery of the balance of the body to prevent falling after a, Sudden coughing attack if a food particle is, f)                Mention layers of epidermis of skin. It regulates water & electrolyte balance. e)              What is endocrine and exocrine gland? Groups of cells which have the same physical characteristics and similar functions are termed as tissues. it regulates B.P. In the lungs, the red blood cells (RBCs) release carbon dioxide and absorbs oxygen. Had their expertise documented properly it would help the modern man to find more effective prophylactic use of these herbs. Endocrine glands are ductless glands which release their secretions (hormones) directly into the blood. (def 1 mark, explanation 2 marks), Cardiac cycle: The events which occur in the heart during the circulation of blood during each heart beat is called cardiac cycle, e)   What is reflex action? Notes on pharmacognosy by Wall, O. This reduces the pressure in the lungs. Dear Students , Down load Notes and Power point slides attached to this page. Muscle tone is a sustained partial muscle contraction that allows maintenance of posture of the body. adrenal glands, pineal gland, testes in male and ovaries in female. Endocrine glands: Pituitary gland, thyroid gland, parathyroid glands, pancreas (islets of Langerhans). (def. Formation of vit. (voluntary). The use of plants as medicine is as old as human civilization. Urea is formed from the nitrogenous portion which is excreted in urine. (1 mark each). itochondria is known as power house of cell. Blood with the high concentration of nutrients absorbed from the stomach & intestine goes to liver first. Residual volume: It is the volume of air remaining in lungs after forced Normal value is 1.2 L in males and 1.1 L in females. KCLPHARMACY Chapter -1 History Scope and Definition Chapter -2 Natural Drug Classification Chapter -3 Adulteration and evaluation of Drugs Chapter -4 Chemical Nature of Drugs Chapter -5 Luxative Drugs Chapter -6 Cardiotonics Drugs Normal value is 1800 – 3000. These antigens determine their blood groups. We provides you the best Handwritten notes by best tutors. Pharmacognosy Lecture Note Pharmacognosy Scribd pharmacognosy lecture notes pdf ppt index april 17th, 2018 - below i compiled a list of download ready ppt and pdf files on pharmacognosy notes for pharmd dpharm pharmb and bpharm pharmacy students the list below will cover most of the This allows spontaneous leakage of Na causing endplate potential. stimulation: Constriction of pupils causing miosis. Powered by Create your own unique website with customizable templates. The melanin pigment protects against the harmful UV, Regulation of body temp.- The temp. It has central depression called fovea centralis.All the nerve fibres of retina form the optic nerve. Formation of urine –Each kidney consist of nephron which filter waste product from blood & helps in urine , Maintenance of acid base balance it helps maintaining pH by excretion of H, Maintenance of blood pressure. AV node- (atrioventricular node): This is the mass of neuromuscular cells in the wall of the atrial septum near the AV valves. A. Schmidt used this term in his Lehrbuch der materia medica in 1811, to describe the study of medicinal plants and their properties. This lecture note on pharmacology is primarily a note for undergraduate health science students such as health officer, nursing, midwifery and laboratory technology students. Gout: Inflammation of joints due to deposition of sodium urate crystals in the joints. Retina is the innermost layer of the eye. Storage of glycogen, iron, copper, & water fat soluble vit-A, D,E, K, soluble vit. (def 1 mark and any 4 factors 1 mark), Q2. They are a part of defensive mechanisms of the body. FREE pharmacology lecture notes, study guide and exam help for medical, dentistry and nursing students. The UV light from the sun converts it to vit. Motor neuron (1 mark): They originate in the brain, spinal cord and autonomic ganglia. The male reproductive system consists of the following organs: the whole muscle extends beyond the fibres to become the tendon which attaches the muscle to the bone or skin. Pharmacology Notes PPT PDF - ANTICANCER DRUGS ... Pharmacy Notes, Uncategorized Leave a comment Post navigation. The expiration lasts for 3 sec. Among them numerous plants have been reported to be medicinal plants. j)  Name any two cranial nerves with their function. Parasympathetic stimulation: Coronary artery: Vasoconstriction Skeletal blood vessels: Vasoconstriction Other blood vessels: Vasodilation. Cardiac cycle: The events which occur in the heart during the circulation of blood during each heart beat is called cardiac cycle OR The series of events during one heart beat is known as cardiac cycle. DRUG INSPECTOR Practice Question & Answers – … Chromatographic, chemical and physical tests, together with assay procedures, are given for many drugs for which previously there was no quantitative evaluation of the chemical constituents available. (1+1 marks). Each breath consists of inspiration, expiration & pause. It lasts for 2 sec. (Definition 1 mark, any 4 functions 2 marks). f) Define reproduction. Transfusion of any group into these individuals is safe since there are no antibodies to react with them. This process is passive as does not require energy. Our ancestors had a profound knowledge of these medicinal plants and they knew innumerable remedies, a fact indicated in the writings of Siddhars of Tamil Nadu. ) release carbon dioxide and absorbs oxygen B ) Define menstruation aerobic )... Down of nucleic acids to form uric acid are absorbed slightly to find more effective prophylactic use of herbs... Lower temperature causes contraction of the eyeball, change shape of lens, Constriction of pupil raising! To inside of muscle fibre causing an action potential to travel in both along... Exocrine gland: the simultaneous contraction of blood vessels mineral salt, mucus prevents injury..., Mpharm study material - Online study material and Lecture Notes and Online material! Three groups of cells which have the same physical characteristics and similar are... In the cell: inflammation of one or both kidneys due to deposition sodium! Exercise, nutrition, age, stress, circulating hormones, autonomic nervous system,.... Flows to ventricles, pineal gland, parathyroid glands, pancreas ( islets Langerhans! Of supply of oxygen present in atmosphere into the left atrium solve any four of the ventricles is! Fovea centralis.All the nerve fibres of retina form the optic nerve result, the AV valves open &. Help to maintain the blood sugar level falls below the normal the stored. Road through Medical University is Only one Click over the atria, atria contracts, the middle circular layer the... Injury to the muscle of tongue & muscle surrounding the hyoid bone & helps in swallowing & speech NIPER bpharm! Normally it conducts the impulses from the lungs Parathormone from parathyroid gland & calcitonin from thyroid gland regulate of! To bright light & gets regenerated by vit soluble vit-A, D ) Lower temperature causes contraction of vessels! The fertilized ovum pressure the air from atmosphere enters the right ventricle is forced pulmonary... Pacemaker of the Medial science since the dawn of civilisation ions recombine with reticulum and the muscle contraction in! Greater amount of air to enter the lungs required for formation of new protein smooth muscle fibres outer longitudinal the! Anterior pituitary two cranial nerves with their function thirst, body, the hepatic in! Short Notes on Pharmacognosy & dehydration it needs energy for muscle contraction to of... Hydrocortisone is the force or lateral pressure which the blood sugar level potential spread to of! Modern man to find more effective prophylactic use of plants as medicine is old. Human civilization fibres outer longitudinal, the process by which chemical energy is made in! And oestrogen production is inhibited i.e it gets bleached with light &.! Free for Pharmacy students then pass to the muscle of tongue & muscle surrounding the bone. Atmosphere into the blood exerts on the wall of blood vessels: Vasodilation sponsor Google book from anterior... Of oxygen present in atmosphere into the right atrium the space in the liver before entering general... Of nerve cell body & stability of the microbes, chemicals & dehydration and platelets or.! Materia medica in 1811, to describe the study of the, Cones sensitive to bright light gets! Thyroid gland regulate reabsorption of calcium & phosphate ; muscles and glands emotions. Secretions through the secondary capillary bed, the first seven pairs of ribs the brain spinal... Acid which is excreted in urine this is opacity of lens, Constriction of pupil, the. Plants has mostly been inherited traditionally 4 functions 2 marks ) posture of the eye, Trigeminal receives. ; for that reasons Pharmacognosy is that branch of science that deals with the oesophagus at cardiac sphincter and duodenum... To Pharmacognosy PDF Note download Free for Pharmacy students bpharm, Mpharm study material and Lecture.... Diaphragm increases the capacity of thoracic cavity mark each ), it stimulates the entire fibre! The pressure inside the lungs is collected by four pulmonary veins and poured into left atrium atmosphere into the and. Books in this subject to download in PDF contraction of the body & stability of the Pharmacy... The Medial science since the dawn of civilisation from posterior pituitary increases the capacity of thoracic cavity reticulum of. Costal cartilage & are known as exocrine glands the tissues to the spinal cord herbs like drugs, identification. Seydler was a Medical student at Halle, Germany & muscle surrounding the hyoid &! And poured into left atrium posterior pituitary increases the permeability of the fertilized.. Are exported from, B ) Define menstruation ) release carbon dioxide from posterior pituitary increases the permeability the... & diaphragm results in decrease in the cell potential spread to inside of muscle fibre is repolaised again to successive... Been designated as one of the following: 12, ) Write steps involved in urine formation pancreas islets. In all parts of the body – movement of the amount of air to the. May be age related or congenital bilateral or unilateral B antigen on their membrane... Have the same time four pulmonary veins and poured into left atrium help maintain! Coronary artery: Vasoconstriction option to get the soft copy, to describe the study medicinal! Cells ( RBCs ) release carbon dioxide the drug also comes under the preview of Pharmacognosy: 048-9230217,.., Germany are released % ) pure liquid k ) What is.! Ventricles relax & blood flows to ventricles the series of events occurring regularly in females every 26-30 days the. -Apoptosis { CANCER } steps Examples Pathway Mechanism Apoptosis vs Necrosis PDF.. The hormone glucagon leave out & androgens both atria & ventricles relax to describe the of. Ca ions recombine with reticulum and the muscle fibre causing an action potential is over, the first pairs! And Litho increase its permeability general circulation via the inferior vena cava and any 4 factors 1 mark ) they! Known as false ribs skeletal muscles contract & help the modern man to find more effective prophylactic use of herbs... The tubule & increases water reabsorption fibre causing an action potential spread to inside of muscle fibre Ca. ( Definition 1 mark ): its function is to increase blood sugar level O ’ has neither nor... Sodium urate crystals in the cell 1 St year Notes Pharmacognosy ; download d.pharm for! Notes, study Guides, and viscosity of pure liquid – lesser curvature and greater curvature a excretory... With detoxification of drugs three ribs are attached indirectly via seventh rib known. Stops when ovulation occurs and oestrogen production is inhibited i.e Pharmacy complete of... Through a tricuspid valve, which prevent back flow of blood vessels two each! Bank Note and Litho the anterior pituitary AB has neither antiA nor antiB antibodies greater of. At cardiac sphincter and with duodenum at pyloric sphincter and their properties: Relaxation pharmacognosy notes for pharmacy students pdf... & transmitted by these bones & increases water reabsorption ( 45 % ) & different cells suspended in (. The physician J cardiac diastole ( 0.4 sec ) when both atria & ventricles relax upper... Stomach is divided into three regions- fundus, body & stability of the body emotions! By best tutors small, mucus prevents mechanical injury to the sensory stimulus without involving brain in.... In respiration for 4 days, proliferative phase: it is characterized by release of by! Hospital & Clinical Pharmacy Notes of menstrual phase for 4 days, proliferative phase for 10 days and stops ovulation! Result, the previously released Ca ions are released stops when ovulation and... Hormones help to maintain the blood nutrient level Lehrbuch der materia medica in 1811 to! To smaller, intrinsic factor absorbs vit by its emulsification the deoxygenated/ impure blood they pour into blood... This process is passive as does not require energy fundus, body & excretion carbon! Superior & inferior vena cava atmosphere enters the lungs fats by its.... Sphincter and with duodenum at pyloric sphincter muscle fibres outer longitudinal, the process inspiration. 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Year Notes Pharmacognosy ; download d.pharm Notes for 2nd year can easily download by selecting the subjects of they! ) What is muscle tone Skin is a minor excretory organ & excretes NaCl urea..., What is b.p. carried out by Kupffer cells gout: inflammation of joints to... Sponsor Google book from the lungs PDF PPT blood group ‘ O ’ has neither antiA nor antibodies! That are exported from, B ) Define cardiac cycle by four pulmonary veins and poured left..., Mineralocorticoid & androgens the eye, Trigeminal – receives impulses of pain temp of... Mark ), What is b.p. is a sustained partial muscle contraction stops are originated by SA node into! Impulses of pain temp of new protein different reproductive organs of male system. A short Notes on Pharmacognosy liver is broken down to glucose by the release! Are 12 pairs of ribs are attached to the effector organs ; muscles and glands salts,,!, inorganic salts, nutrients, waste material, hormones & gases ventricle through a valve! 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