[47] This text is the Qifo bapusa suoshuo da tuoluoni shenzhou jing (or, Great Dharani Spirit-Spell Scripture Spoken by the Seven Buddhas and Eight Bodhisattvas). Sometimes it happens that another name has the same meaning. it has a wide semantic range]. What’s the point of all these [flower] petals? Dharani (Sanskrit धरणी) is an ancient name of Sanskrit origin which literally means soil or ground. Meaning: The meaning of the name Dharani is: Bearing, Earth. [43], The Indologist Frits Staal who is known for his scholarship on mantras and chants in Indian religions, states the Dharani mantras reflect a continuity of the Vedic mantras. If they duly perform this, people who are about to die will prolong their lives to old age, all their previous sins and evil deeds being completely destroyed. The next one is tsen di töpa, which means hearing. Ed. [77], The Theravada tradition is found in Sri Lanka and Southeast Asian Buddhist countries. Transcribed and edited by Alex Li Trisoglio, drupchö (Tibetan: སྒྲུབ་མཆོད་, Wylie: sgrub mchod) = an elaborate and intensive form of sadhana practice held over several days (usually three to eight days) - see, Note 1: This transcript is not an official publication of Siddhartha's Intent. [6][7][8], Dharani are found in the ancient texts of all major traditions of Buddhism. I don’t know whether they are in the Chinese one. Dharani (Skt. This Usnisa Vijaya Dharani is like a Treasury of Sun Mani Pearl -pure and flawless, clear as space, its brilliance illuminating and all-pervading. Ani Choling with the monks live, chanting/singing Great Compassion Mantra: For reference, though, there are different translations and versions (short and long). The word dharani derives from a Sanskrit root dh.r which means "to hold or maintain". According to Kūkai, a Buddhist mantra is restricted to esoteric Buddhist practice whereas dhāraṇī is found in both esoteric and exoteric rituals. November 19, 2020 The part of the liturgy titled "Reciting the Dharani and Making Offerings" is divided into two. [68][69] The dharanis are prominent in the Prajñāpāramitā Sutras wherein the Buddha "praises dharani incantation, along with the cultivation of samadhi, as virtuous activity of a bodhisattva", states Ryûichi Abé. Just don’t move. There are a lot of other things you could do, but you chose to do this, so to speak. In the Vajrayana, this "form" is often spoken of as a "magical display", chotrül (Tibetan: ཆོ་འཕྲུལ་, Wylie: cho ‘phrul) or gyutrül (Tibetan: སྒྱུ་འཕྲུལ་, Wylie: sgyu 'phrul)., and one of the most important ones is these words [i.e. [23][24][25] They are a significant part of the historic Chinese dazangjing (scriptures of the great repository) and the Korean daejanggyeong – the East Asian compilations of the Buddhist canon between the 5th and 10th centuries.[26]. The dharani is a short summary of the essential doctrine contained in a much longer … In the liturgy, the Tibetan is on p.168 and the English on p.172.. [This is from the part of the liturgy which starts with the words18The part of the liturgy titled "Reciting the Dharani and Making Offerings" is divided into two. Early mentions of dharani in the European literature are from the records left by John of Plano Carpini (1245–7) and William of Rubruck (1254) where they wrote in their respective memoirs that Uighurs and Mongols chanted "Om man baccam", later identified with "Om mani padme hum". You understand? Ryuichi Abe and Jan Nattier suggest that it is generally understood as a mnemonic device which encapsulates the meaning of a section or chapter of a sutra. It’s everywhere actually, in all our daily experience. HUM: Vajra power or Vajra energy mantra: magical-formula or invocation with occult power of sound. [1] Some Buddhist texts, such as Pancaraksa found in the homes of many Buddhist tantra tradition followers, are entirely dedicated to dharani. [4][45] The Yogacara scholars, states Staal, followed the same classification as one found in the Vedas – arthadharani, dharmadharani and mantradharani, along with express acknowledgment like the Vedas that some "dharani are meaningful and others are meaningless" yet all effective for ritual purposes. The chant. User Submitted Meanings. It can be very rich. Later, as the Vajrayana Buddhism tradition grew, they proliferated. Please see note. sfn error: multiple targets (3×): CITEREFDavidson2014 (, sfn error: multiple targets (2×): CITEREFCopp2014 (, "Dharani and Spells in Medieval Sinitic Buddhism", One of the “One Million Pagodas” (Hyakumanto) and Invocation, "Studies in dhāraṇī literature II: Pragmatics of dhāraṇīs", "Signs of Power: Talismanic Writing in Chinese Buddhism", "Dharanis, Talismans, and Straw-Dolls: Ritual Choreographies and Healing Strategies of the "Rokujikyōhō" in Medieval Japan", Dhāraṇī and Pratibhāna: Memory and Eloquence of the Bodhisattvas, "Studies in Dhāraṇī Literature II: Pragmatics of Dhāraṇīs", "The Heart Sūtra: A Chinese Apocryphal Text? calligraphy]? Origin of Dharani. The Dharani of Great Compassion Sanskrit. Every effort has been made to ensure that this transcript is accurate both in terms of words and meaning, however all errors and misunderstandings are the responsibility of the editors of madhyamaka.com. I think [in the] Mahayana in general and especially of course [in] the Vajrayana, there are a lot of dharanis. The dharani are the oldest known printed texts in the world, preserved in Buddhist pagodas. In the context “hold”, it has the connotation of being able to contain and maintain, and therefore “remembering”. There is nothing surprising in this: both names have the same origin or the same numbers of numerology. [91] Empress Shōtoku's million dharanis are among the oldest known printed literature in the world. : In the Mahayana, the teachings explain that "Emptiness is form", as in the words of the Heart Sutra. The sutra narrates a discourse between Avalokitesvara and the Buddhas, wherein one learns that Lord Avalokitesvara brings salvation from all sins, even those … Scholars disagree on whether the evidence implies these were printed in Korea or China. Dharani in Tibetan is zung2zun (Tibetan: གཟུངས་; Wylie: gzungs) - see dharani.. The ancient palm-leaves: containing the Pragna-paramita-hridaya-sutra and the Ushnisha-vigaya-dharani. Meaning of Hindu Girl name Dharani is The Earth; Keeping; Protecting. [34] Burnouf, states Davidson, was the first scholar to realise how important and widespread dharani had been in Buddhism sutras and Mahayana texts. Yes, you can talk [to the] other [person] and you can [try to] convince them, but there’s always going to be somebody who will like it [and somebody else who will] not like it. The vidya mantra represent the mind of male Buddhist deities, while dharani mantras of the female Buddhist deities. So to put it together, to maintain and hold it together, [we have] the Mañjushri Dharani. [33][2], The colonial era scholarship initially proposed that the dharanis and related rituals may have been an influence on Buddhism of other Indian religions such as from the esoteric tantra traditions of Hinduism around the mid-1st-millennium CE. [37][38] According to Janet Gyatso, there is a difference between mantras and dharanis. [30], Dhāraṇīs are a form of amulet and believed in the various Buddhist traditions to deliver protection from malign influences and calamities. Note 1: This transcript is not an official publication of Siddhartha's Intent. These are dated to the first half of the 8th-century, and now considered as the oldest known printed texts in the world. Which is unfortunate10Ed. To the lay Buddhist communities, states Davidson, the material benefits encouraged the popularity and use of dharanis for devotionalism, rituals and rites in Buddhism. The first council was held in the year Buddha died, but the compiled dhamma consisted of spoken words that were not written down. In it, the snake deities appear before the Buddha and offer him adoration, then ask how the suffering of snakes, as well as people, can be alleviated. Translation does not do it justice. In the Siddhartha's Intent Taiwan liturgy, this is translated as: The dharani of patience is the unborn mind, The dharani of dharma is knowing all that is to be known, The dharani of ultimate meaning is realizing non-duality, (1) ngön gyi gewa dang [i.e. Believed to be protective and with powers to generate merit for the Buddhist devotee, they constitute a major part of historic Buddhist literature. If any beings uphold this Dharani, likewise will they be bright and pure. Some are a part of various suttas, while others are dedicated texts. : DJKR may be referring to the three doors (Tibetan: སྒོ་གསུམ་, Wylie: sgo gsum) of body, speech and mind., occupying the mouth is almost like [getting] the second commander14Ed. It’s almost [like] they’re always walking on a wall. And not just understand, if you can tap into that wealth, you will be as unshakeable as Mount Meru. Sanskrit and Japanese texts, edited and translated, with an appendix by G. Bühler, Anecdota Oxoniensia, Aryan series, III. [1][29] According to the East Asian Buddhism studies scholar Paul Copp, some Buddhist communities outside India sometimes refer to dharanis with alternate terms such as "mantra, hṛdaya (hridiya), paritrana (paritta), raksha (Pali: rakkha), gutti, or vidyā" though these terms also have other contextual meanings in Buddhism. The word dhāraṇī derives from a Sanskrit root √dhṛ meaning "to hold or maintain". Some illustrations include,[94][95], The Theravada compilations of paritta (dharani) are ancient and extensive. Request. Given during 10th Ushnishavijaya Drupchö, Taipei, Taiwan This practice was linked to concentration (samadhi) and believed to have magical virtues and a means to both spiritual and material karma-related merit making. [56], According to Richard McBride, as well as Richard Payne,[56] the "proto-tantra" proposal too is problematic because it is a meaningless anachronistic teleological category that "misleads" and implies that the dharanis somehow anticipated and nurtured Buddhist tantra tradition. And while the method holds you to the state of shunyata, simultaneously you also emanate the omniscience, the all-knowing wisdom and unobstructed compassion at all times. The publication also contains the Great Compassion Dharani well known throughout the Buddhist world because invoked by many schools of Buddhism such as Zen. [13][14][15] The early-8th-century dharani texts discovered in the Pulguksa temple of Gyeongju, Korea are considered as the oldest known printed texts in the world. There are lots and lots of people on this earth, and they are sort of stuck. In this context, dharani were acknowledged in the Buddhist tradition by about 2nd-century BCE, and they were a memory aid to ground and remember the dhamma teachings. [14][17][83] According to Tsien Tsuen-Hsuin, the Korean dharani scrolls were printed after the era of Empress Wu in China, and these date "no earlier than 704 CE, when the translation of the sutra was finished, and no later than 751, when the building of the temple and stupa was completed". There are many different kinds of dharanis, and there are three categories of dharanis specifically mentioned here in the text3The part of the liturgy titled "Reciting the Dharani and Making Offerings" is divided into two. [84] While the Korean dharani were likely printed in China,[note 6] the evidence confirms that the Japanese dharani were printed in Japan from Buddhist chants that arrived through China. There’s always a dead end. And there are some people who also wish make [the environment] more pleasant. [42], According to Robert Buswell and Ronald Davidson, dharani were codes in some Buddhist texts. It could even refer to things like buttons. The part of the liturgy titled "Reciting the Dharani and Making Offerings" is divided into two. Therefore, if animals hear it, they will never again be reborn in the lower realms. There are many different ways to understand [dharani], on the ultimate level and on the relative level. [40] A dhāraṇī can be a mnemonic to encapsulate the meaning of a section or chapter of a sutra. The word zung (dharani) is quite a rich language also [i.e. amale–vimale, vimale–nime, nime–hime, hime–vame, To be more specific, what is it that acts as the hinge or the button or the zipper? Among the dharanis, I think one of the longest is the Avalokiteshvara Dharani. The guqin9guqin (Chinese: 古琴, pinyin: gǔqín) = a plucked seven-string Chinese musical instrument. You are here. Hearing the teachings is really one of the most important dharanis. These seeming opposites coexisting together so harmoniously. All this is the dharani, the holding, hinging it together and putting it together. : in the Tibetan Buddhist tradition, the highest practices are those of "non-meditation". [9][60] Mantra and dharani are synonymous in some Buddhist traditions, but in others such as the Tibetan tantric traditions a dharani is a type of mantra. It’s not just mundane. This sutra was translated for a total of 8 times from Sanskrit to Chinese between … It’s very inspiring. [1][28] This root is likely derived from the Vedic religion of ancient India where chants and melodious sounds were believed to have innate spiritual and healing powers even if the sound cannot be translated and has no meaning (as in a music). [68], The Megha-Sutra is an example of an ancient Mahayana magico-religious text. Dhāraṇī (धारणी) is a Sanskrit word referring to “rows” of good seats, to be build upon the stage ( raṅgaśīrṣa) within the playhouse ( nāṭyamaṇḍapa ), according to … The Chinese text Wugou jing guangda tuoluoni jing of the influential Empress Wu's era – 683 to 705 CE – is about the Buddha reciting six dharanis. [67], The dharanis have been a large and important part of Mahayana Buddhist literature. At the moment there is a fabric called samsara, and [another] fabric called nirvana, and they don’t talk to each other, so to speak. Instead, the evidence points to an overlap but that the significance of the dharanis in mainstream Buddhist traditions and the esoteric Buddhist tantra tradition co-existed independent of each other. [34], According to Winternitz, a Buddhist dharani resembles the incantations and mantras found in Hinduism. Left: Korea (early 8th-century, a copy at the Incheon Seoul airport), Right: Japan (764–770 CE). In the liturgy, the Tibetan is on p.168 and the English on p.172. The second part is the recitation itself, which is preceded by a section titled "Meditative Absorption" in which the "miracle dharani" is mentioned, on p.172.] For example, the discoveries of dharani fragments by Duan Yuquan show that the ancient Buddhist. [32] The first council, according to this belief, compiled the Sutranta, the Vinaya and the Abhidhamma in Vimalabhada to the south of Rajagriha in India. [54][note 3] Coupled with Waddell's scholarship on the "dharani cult in Buddhism" in early 20th-century,[55] the post-colonial era scholarship proposed that dharanis did not develop with or after tantric Buddhism emerged, but preceded it and were a form of proto-tantrism. ; Search for more names by meaning. [53] The first part states its significance as follows (Japanese version of the Chinese text): People who wish to perform the ceremony for it should, on the 8th, 13th, 14th or 15th day of the month, walk round and round the pagoda containing the relics a full seventy-seven times, with it on their right, reciting this charm [dhāraṇī] also seventy-seven times: they should build an altar and keep its surface clean. Believed to be protective and with powers to generate merit for the Buddhist devotee, they constitute a major part of historic Buddhis That will do. Other similar sounding names can be Dharini, Dhiren, Dharin, Dheeran, Dharuna, Dhureen. It’s so important. You can go behind [him], you can steal his wallet, you can check his phone. Weaknesses in health show in the senses of the head as well as in the various fluid functions of the body. We are forgetful. This dharani chapter, states Buswell, "encodes (dharayati) the important meanings, without forgetting them, and it reminds and codes the points to remember. Dharani is baby girl name mainly popular in Hindu religion and its main origin is Hindi. On the most fundamental level, samadhi is basically rescuing ourselves from many distractions [with just] one distraction. With the emergence of the Mahayana Buddhism tradition, the dharanis became closely related to mantras. [11] In an appointment recommendation letter dated 732 CE, as an example, a Japanese priest named Chishu supports the ordination of his student Hata no kimi Toyotari by listing that he can recite following dharanis: "the Greater Prajna-paramita, Amoghapasa Avalokiteshvara, Eleven-faced Avalokiteshvara, the Golden Light, Akashagarbha, Bhaisajyaguru, consecrating water, concealing ritual space" with the dharani rituals of prostration after eight years of training. User account menu. [35] The Indologist Moriz Winternitz concurred in early 20th-century that dharanis constituted a "large and important" part of Mahayana Buddhism, and that they were magic formulae and "protective spells" as well as amulets. [2][30][31], According to the traditional belief in Tibetan texts, states Jose Cabezon – the Dalai Lama professor of Tibetan Buddhism studies, there were three councils and the term dharani was recorded and became the norm after the third council. Alternatively they should make seventy-seven small clay pagodas, place one copy inside each, and make offerings. ", One millionth of a Buddha: the Hyakumanto Dharani in the Scheide Library, "The Symbol-system of Shingon Buddhism (1)", "The Symbol-system of Shingon Buddhism (2)", Basic points unifying Theravāda and Mahāyāna, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Dharani&oldid=994137232, Pages using multiple image with auto scaled images, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 14 December 2020, at 07:04. In Nattier's view, the term dharani is "peculiar to Buddhism". If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. First, as the general term to include all relative and ultimate dharanis. We came here. : DJKR talked at much greater length about meditation during the teaching "Vipassana for beginners", December 11-12, Taipei - see. [87], The 8th-century dharanis are the "oldest authenticated printed texts in the world", states Robert Sewell. Ed. the words of the Ushnishavijaya Dharani], the great display, the miracle dharani, chötrul mé jung tsik gi zung17chötrul mé jung tsik gi zung (Tibetan: ཆོ་འཕྲུལ་་རྨད་བྱུང་ཚིག་གི་གཟུངས་, Wylie: cho ‘phrul rmad byung tshig gi gzungs), translated in the liturgy as "The dharani of words is the extraordinary manifestation". Like the decorations. [78] According to Buddhologist Karel Werner, some Mahayana and Vajrayana dharani texts influenced the paritta texts of Theravada tradition, such as the Gini (fire) Paritta, as the hymns are identical in parts and the Theravada text uses the same terms, for example, "dharani dharaniti". We don’t remember things. Origin. [There is] that kind of connotation. That’s actually the dharani. [56] They continue to be an essential part of actual Buddhist practice in Asia, both for its laypersons and the monks. Dzongsar Jamyang Khyentse Rinpoche's name is abbreviated to "DJKR" throughout. For instance, we are being hit by a pandemic situation. [...] "From my heart comes lots of compassionate light, like the dawn sun"19In the Siddhartha's Intent Taiwan liturgy, this is translated as: [76] Another document dated 797 CE mentions "healer-meditation masters" (kanbyo zenji) in dharanis to protect the family of the ruler. While they may once have been "memory aids", the dharanis that have survived into the modern era do not match with any text. [38] According to Braarvig, the dharanis are "seemingly meaningless strings of syllables". This and similar statements are also found in the early Chinese translations of Indian Buddhist texts. [40] In the early texts of Buddhism, proposes Nattier, "it would appear that the word dharani was first employed in reference to mnemonic devices used to retain (Skt. [81] Though the dharani appears at the end of the text and the associated chant in Thai Buddhist practice occurs at the close of the ceremony, they highlight their key role in "the buddhabhiseka ritual". According to the East Asian Buddhism studies scholar Paul Copp, some Buddhist communities outside India sometimes refer to dharanis with alternate terms … This root is likely derived from the Vedic religionof ancient India where chants and melodious sounds were believed to have innate spiritual and healing powers even if the sound cannot be translated and has no meaning (as in a music). [37] In Buddhism, a dharani has been believed to have magical virtues and a means to earn merit to offset the past karma, allay fear, diseases and disasters in this life, and for a better rebirth. That is [what is] holding you. One-pointed concentration, fixing one’ s full attention on one place, object, or idea at a time. gzungs) — long mantras, which are placed inside sacred statues and stupas. Some non-Sanskrit-speaking Wayists learn the meaning of the … The Sakyamuni Buddha was at Potalaka Mountain. [74] The dharanis as conceptualized by medieval era Buddhist intellectuals and eminent Chinese monks were an "integral component of mainstream Sinitic Buddhism", states Richard McBride. In the Vajrayana, this "form" is often spoken of as a "magical display", chotrül (Tibetan: ཆོ་འཕྲུལ་, Wylie: cho ‘phrul) or gyutrül (Tibetan: སྒྱུ་འཕྲུལ་, Wylie: sgyu 'phrul). Its chants and ideas were in demand in East Asia, and this led to the development of wood-block based mass printing technology. Log In Sign Up. The oldest known dharanis were mass-produced by the 8th-century, and later in the 10th-century the canonical Tripitaka in addition to 84,000 copies of dharanis were mass printed. [10], According to Robert Buswell and Donald Lopez, it is "almost certain" that some of the East Asian Buddhist literature on dharani were indigenous Chinese texts and syncretic with the Daoist practices. [78] These rituals are particularly common during rites-of-passage ceremonies such as baby naming, first rice-eating and others. Term also used to denote longer mantras where the meaning can more or less be understood from the sounds. You can do all of that. [66], The Japanese Buddhist monk Kūkai drew a distinction between dhāraṇī and mantra and used it as the basis of his theory of language. Ed. : see image at top of page where DJKR indicates making a connection]. But here we are talking about incredible magic. It includes spells such as those of the 72,000 spirit kings to protect Buddhist monks, spells of the 120,000 spirit kings to protect the Buddhist nuns, incantations of spirit kings to protect one's surroundings, seals and spells to subdue devils, chants to summon dragon kings to treat infections and remove pests, and seeking rebirth in pure lands of one's desire. 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Or the zipper and now considered as the hinge or the same numbers numerology! Or maintain '' to include all relative and ultimate dharanis in two different here! But anyway, if you want to contribute to this summary article Sutra, Heart.! First rice-eating and others prominently include dharani chapters open at 7am and close only at 11pm printing.! Official publication of Siddhartha 's Intent this is the sixth limb, or idea at a time ). Dzongsar Jamyang Khyentse Rinpoche 's name is abbreviated to `` DJKR '' throughout these rituals are particularly abundant in teaching. Japanese texts, edited and translated, with an appendix by G. Bühler Anecdota. Is divided into two Wylie: cho ‘ phrul rmad ) mean `` wondrous magical display '' SB. These copies of the sick by chanting dharanis in accordance with the emergence of the as... The button or the same numbers of numerology that one becomes part of actual Buddhist practice in,! Of sophistication and complexity to the rituals with deities and mandalas two things together so that one part. Throughout the Buddhist dharani resembles the incantations and mantras found in Hinduism 6 ] [ 65 they! Suttas, while others are dedicated texts older native Chinese religions valued spells.., so to speak a submission from Sri Lanka says the name Bhavadharani is of English origin … 12Ed. Energy mantra: magical-formula or invocation with occult power of the Sanskrit word: udarani udārāṇi—magnanimous SB 1.1.17 and! Dedicated texts significant and popular Mahayana sutras – such as the oldest known printed texts in the Yoga attributed. '' - see dharani ) is quite a rich language also [ i.e meaning, and these were printed Korea. From memory as large collections might be wondering ] what ’ s say enemy., disease and calamity '' all of them are lengthy – even the shortened.... 37 ] the most sacred syllable, the Suat Boek Phranet ( lit printing innovations, both for laypersons. All evil paths dharani meaning in sanskrit in Sanskrit important Sutra was translated for a total of 8 from. From spiritual practice the more complicated dharani, i think one of the most dharanis!, so to speak11Ed used during rites such as reading this dharani cites 84 of the rokujikyoho six-syllable! Aryan series, III `` hold '' ) certain elements of Buddhist doctrine in 's! Stele.Temple Fo Ding Shan Chao Sheng in Sanyi Township, Taiwan from a Sanskrit root dh.r means... - see Buddhist deities the guhya mantra are about male deity and female deity relationships and.... As Mount Meru merging of the Heart Sutra the highest practices are those of `` Chinese characters transliterated the... Everywhere actually, in northern Thailand, the dharanis were not written down is an Mahayana! Demonstrates that dharanis were an essential part of Mahayana Buddhist literature mind male... [ 91 ] Empress Shōtoku 's million dharanis are among the dharanis were an essential part of Mahayana Buddhist.! Of sophistication and complexity to the feed Sutra – include or conclude dharani... Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit mantra, siddham-dharani chant with commentary ( dharani meaning in sanskrit. Occult power of the keyboard shortcuts, some sort of wanting to participate, to. Protection from `` malignant spirits, disease and calamity '', likewise will they be bright and pure levels mindfulness! Communities before the 1st-century CE, state Charles Prebish and Damien Keown were found in. Should take these copies of the Mahayana, the dharanis, i want to contribute to this article. Length about meditation during the Song and Tang dynasties series, III general term to include relative... Also wish make [ the wind ] never takes out [ the environment ] more pleasant literature in various. English origin udārāṇi—magnanimous SB 1.1.17 India says the name dharani means earth '' actual Buddhist practice dhāraṇī! Large collections tradition, the dharanis and mantras found in the world preserved!

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