Because the cloud is a broad collection of services, organizations can choose where, when, and how they use cloud computing. Creating and maintaining consistent procedures ... thoughtful steps in the right direction will get your organization up to its optimal operational ... reliable network infrastructure. Governance of cloud computing is challenging even with a single cloud provider involved and becomes even more challenging as organizations move toward multicloud. As our IT infrastructure has evolved from traditional datacenters to hybrid cloud infrastructure, so have our tools for managing IT infrastructure. Your group is going to have some structure whether it chooses to or not. Cloud computing is the on-demand availability of computer system resources, especially data storage (cloud storage) and computing power, without direct active management by the user. This means that _____. 1. Infrastructure software is perhaps the most “gray” of all infrastructure components. Organizations with a smaller IT infrastructure generally require a smaller IT staff as well. The network infrastructure is responsible for maintaining both internal and external connectivity of the internal and external systems. Cloud providers offer on-demand, self-service resources with endless capacity, making it difficult for organizations to gain visibility into, and manage, what is being consumed. The focus of I&O leaders is evolving far beyond technology elements like data centers, colocation and the cloud to instead encompass more about how an organization’s I&O can support and enable business strategy. Maintaining clarity within an organization means that employees have a completely clear picture of all aspects of their jobs. Information security means protecting information (data) and information systems from unauthorized access, use, disclosure, disruption, modification, or destruction.. Information Security management is a process of defining the security controls in order to protect the information assets.. Security Program []. Infrastructure software. However, I consider server operating systems and directory services (like MS Active Directory) to be part of the infrastructure. With IaaS, you rent IT infrastructure—servers and virtual machines (VMs), storage, networks, operating systems—from a cloud provider on a pay-as-you-go basis. The infrastructure may be owned, managed and operated by the organization, a third party or some combination, and it may exist on or off premises. 11.2 Multiple-Choice Questions 1) Developing, operating, and maintaining an organization's computing infrastructure is a major function of the _____ department. Infrastructure-as-a-Service (IaaS) is a cloud-computing offering in which a vendor provides users access to computing resources such as servers, storage and networking.Organizations use their own platforms and applications within a service provider’s infrastructure. Cloud computing has been credited with increasing competitiveness through cost reduction, greater flexibility, elasticity and optimal resource utilization. A) human resources B) information systems C) marketing D) manufacturing Answer: B 2) Which of the following statements is true of an IS department? It brings a systematic approach to concerns of commercialization, standardization, and governance of cloud computing applications. No longer do organizations have the responsibility of ensuring uptime, maintaining hardware and networking equipment, or replacing old equipment. management-information-systems Developing, operating, and maintaining an organization's computing infrastructure is a major function of the _____ department. These components include hardware, software, networking components, an operating system (OS), and data storage, all of which are used to deliver IT services and solutions. The classic definition of a Data Warehouse is architecture used to maintain critical historical data that has been extracted from operational data storage and transformed into formats accessible to the organization’s analytical community. Infrastructure as a service (IaaS) The most basic category of cloud computing services. Organizations should take a business viewpoint and look at how to optimize costs and how to use the right tools to build their case for a given infrastructure deployment. Also, because organizations are relying on a particular service provider's infrastructure and software, there is a potential problem of vendor lock-in with PaaS environments. What is cloud computing? It can be internal to an organization and deployed within owned facilities, or deployed within a cloud computing system, or a combination thereof. Infrastructure refers broadly to the basic physical systems of a business, region, or nation. It might as well be the structure which best matches up with what kind of organization you have, what … Infrastructure-as-a-Service (IaaS) and Platform-as-a-Service (PaaS) In other words, workers and supervisors alike should know what the employee’s goals are as well as the individual tasks required to reach those goals. asked Jun 12, 2016 in Business by NoBeef. What is PaaS (Platform-as-a-Service)? Cloud computing is a broad term that describes a wide range of services. Definitions: Infrastructure engineering ensures that the IT infrastructure is sufficiently robust, scalable, and efficient to deliver the integrated services underlying the physical environment that supports the processes, physical resources, and operators required for developing, integrating, operating, and sustaining IT applications and support services. IT infrastructure can be deployed within a cloud computing system, or within an organization's own facilities. Infrastructure and operations (I&O) is becoming increasingly involved in unprecedented areas of the modern-day enterprise. Large clouds, predominant today, often have functions distributed over multiple locations from central servers. Examples include roads, sewer systems, power lines, and ports. The term is generally used to describe data centers available to many users over the Internet. All resources except for organizations have exactly one parent. Network infrastructure is the hardware and software resources of an entire network that enable network connectivity, communication, operations and management of an enterprise network. ‘It recognises the infrastructure in place and the level of service we can provide here.’ ‘This is not intended to be a political debate about ownership of the infrastructure.’ ‘We are exploring new avenues where we can use our vast infrastructure to earn profits.’ With Azure as the primary platform for infrastructure, we are adopting Azure management tools for monitoring, updating, backup, and security. A well-designed information system rests on a coherent foundation that supports responsive change—and, thus, the organization’s agility—as new business or administrative initiatives arise. Enterprise IT infrastructure typically refers to components required for the existence, operation and management of an enterprise IT environment. The Organization is the top of the hierarchy and does not have a parent. Here are a few situations where cloud computing is used to enhance the ability to achieve business goals. The Organization resource is the root node of the Google Cloud resource hierarchy and all resources that belong to an organization are grouped under the organization node. This led me to speculate about what changes cloud will cause to happen in the near future. Structure in any organization is inevitable-- an organization, by definition, implies a structure. PaaS, or Platform-as-a-Service, is a cloud computing model that provides customers a complete platform—hardware, software, and infrastructure—for developing, running, and managing applications without the cost, complexity, and inflexibility of building and maintaining that platform on-premises.. A) human resources B) information systems C) marketing D) manufacturing. Cloud computing is a trending topic, and although it is much debated, few speak about how it will affect information technology (IT) organizations. Information system infrastructure and architecture. Infrastructure is the foundation or framework that supports a system or organization. Years ago I drew a diagram of a generic IT organization’s structure, but upon revisiting it today I realized how many changes in IT departments I had left out. It provides the communication path and services between users, processes, applications, services and external networks/the internet. In practice, it leverages the methods and tools of engineering in conceiving, developing, operating and maintaining cloud computing systems and solutions. Platform as a service (PaaS) or application platform as a service (aPaaS) or platform-based service is a category of cloud computing services that provides a platform allowing customers to develop, run, and manage applications without the complexity of building and maintaining the infrastructure typically associated with developing and launching an app. Key features Introduction []. In computing, information technology infrastructure is composed of physical and virtual resources that support the flow, storage, processing and analysis of data. Network infrastructure is a part of IT infrastructure of an organization. Public Cloud: The development platform is built on infrastructure provisioned for use by multiple organizations (also known as a multi-tenant model). CH 11 MIS QUIZ Developing, operating, and maintaining an organization's computing infrastructure is a major function of the _____ department information systems Every IS user has a right to a secure computing environment. Cloud computing is on-demand access, via the internet, to computing resources—applications, servers (physical servers and virtual servers), data storage, development tools, networking capabilities, and more—hosted at a remote data center managed by a cloud services provider (or CSP). IaaS also saves enterprises from having to buy more capacity to deal with sudden business spikes. 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